"This is a chronic condition that we know is related to poverty and the availability of nutritious food and the opportunity to exercise." Personal responsibility among black women is an issue, but so is the government's responsibility to "make sure that people understand the importance of exercising and doing exercise and also to make sure that neighborhoods are safe to walk," James said. A quarter of black women in the District live below the poverty line, defined as an income of $19,000 a year for a family of four at the time of the study. About 14 percent of black women in the city had no high school diploma, one of the lowest percentages in the Washington
In the South however, the blacks were disfranchised, since the state governments introduced literacy tests, tests on the knowledge of constitution and Poll taxes, which African Americans had trouble with, because of poor education and financial problems. Both created through discrimination and racism. Racial hatred groups such as the Ku Klux Klan still existed. They advertised violent treatment of African Americans, and often engaged in violent activities themselves. Blacks were often beaten or killed by members of such hate groups.
In 1990, 50 percent of White women had incomes below 646 per month, African-American women had incomes below 419 per month, and Hispanic women had incomes below 426 per month. With a poverty line for seniors of 437.91 per month) in 1990, it is clear that many women live near or below the poverty line. Therefore, they are at risk for psychological
They are held back by traditional gender roles. Many women thus have to work two jobs, at the workplace and at home as The U.S. is one of a few countries that doesn’t provide paid maternity leave, so women often lose the opportunity to advance. There is also a huge disparity of women in government positions, as the U.S. ranks #69 among countries with the highest percentage of women in government. Women make up 50% of the population in the United States, but only 17% of Congress and have never served as president. A large part of this has to do with stereotypes, as women are seen as weak and unlikely to serve better than their male counterparts on issues such as national defense.
Many women in the United States are viewed as strong and independent people. However, women are also shown to be not as powerful and equal to men, women’s voices are still not heard equally today. The blunt truth is that men still run the world. Thirty years after women became 50 percent of the college graduated in the United States; men still hold more leadership positions in the industry and the government. It is a proven fact that “A man is selected for hire over a woman” (Yurkiewicz) while women should automatically be the ones to sit at home and be less help then a man.
Marriage in the African American Community Marriage in the African American community is almost null and void. The divorce and separation rate in the African American community is at an all time high. This is to some extent due to the value of marriage in the African American community changing. More and more of African Americans are being raised in single family homes. African American women are not getting married for love anymore.
They face foreclosures and job losses due to the deepening recession. The impact of homelessness begins well before a child is born. The overwhelming majority of homeless parents are single women, many of whom were homeless themselves as children. Homeless women face many obstacles to healthy pregnancies, such as chemical abuse, chronic and acute health problems, and lack of prenatal care. Children born into homelessness are more likely to have low birth weights and are at greater risk of death.
Double Jeopardy Women of color-Black, Latina, Asian American and Native Americans make up 20 percent of the United State’s population. However, women from these minority groups experience the “Double Jeopardy” of racism and sexism in our societies (Gutierrez, 1990). Double Jeopardy is when people experience double discrimination in several dimensions of their everyday life because of their membership in both the subordinate sexual and racial groups. In other words, people who are doubly disadvantaged because they are women and are from a minority group are the victim of double jeopardy. According to previous studies, women earn significantly lower salaries, are overrepresented in low-status occupations and receive average low level of education (Gutierrez, 1990).
Nick Salamone June 9th, 2009 Theme Analysis To Kill A Mockingbird is set in Alabama before civil rights cases were properly exposed of justices and cases against African-Americans were considered open. You find out that society can hurt innocent individuals who have littler power because of who they are. Through this novel, you put on the shoes of a small girl, Scout, and walks through a town where they learn of social inequality, coexistence of good and evil, and racism by seeing it through her father and life experiences. Race is a central issue in this time period. People aren't willing to accept change and theirs not much you can do in the 1930's to change that because it was "sociality acceptable" not to.
Poor standards of living for blacks were another cause of Montgomery Bus Boycott. This inspired blacks to desegregate buses as facilities were segregated, blacks were seemed and treated inferior to whites. Harassment from the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was given to blacks. In 1870, in one county South Caroline alone was 6 murders and 300 whippings. KKK was hugely supported by whites and became the voice for poor uneducated whites who felt threatened in competing for housing and jobs.