Andrade Case Essay

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drakee LEANDRO ANDRADE, Petitioner- Appellant, v. ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA 2001 U.S App. LEXIS 23720 FACT On November 4, 1995, Leandro Andrade stole five videotapes worth $84.70 from a Kmart store in Ontario, California. Security personnel detained Andrade as he was leaving the store. On November 18, 1995, Andrade entered a different Kmart store in Montclair, California, and placed four videotapes worth $68.84 in the rear waistband of his pants. Again, security guards apprehended Andrade as he was exiting the premises. Police subsequently arrested Andrade for these crimes. These two incidents were not Andrade’s first or only encounters with law enforcement. According to the state probation officer’s presentence report, Andrade has been in and out of state and federal prison since 1982. In January 1982, he was convicted of a misdemeanor theft offense and was sentenced to 6 days in jail with 12 months’ probation. Andrade was arrested again in November 1982 for multiple counts of first-degree residential burglary. He pleaded guilty to at least three of those counts, and in April of the following year he was sentenced to 120 months in prison. In 1988, Andrade was convicted in federal court of “transportation of marijuana,” App. 24, and was sentenced to eight years in federal prison. In 1990, he was convicted in state court for a misdemeanor petty theft offense and was ordered to serve 180 days in jail. In September 1990, Andrade was convicted again in federal court for the same felony of “transportation of marijuana,” ibid., and was sentenced to 2,191 days in federal prison. And in 1991, Andrade was arrested for a state parole violation–escape from federal prison. He was paroled from the state penitentiary system in 1993. A state probation officer interviewed Andrade after his arrest in this case. The presentence report notes: “The defendant

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