Andes Mountains Essay

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Inhabitants The Quichua are the only people to have migrated both south along the ridges and valleys of the Andes Mountains and east into the rainforest of the Amazon Basin. This early divergence in their migration paths has created distinct mountain- and jungle-Quichua identity and culture. Exploration The Andes is home to a large number of species, among which the condor, the national bird makes its nest among the rocks of the mountains. Some of these discoveries include flora, such as many lichens and flowers that cover the Andes Mountains during the summer. The Andes Mountains also consist of fauna, being that the Andes is a habitat for numerous species. Another interesting fact about the Andes Mountains is that it is home to an anthropological discovery of the legendary Plomo Children, which is exhibited in the Museum of National History of Chile. Andes Mountains Location of the landform and Characteristics of the landform The Andes Mountains are located in South America, running north to south along the western coast of the continent. The latitude is 10° N. to 57° S. The longitude is 70° W. to 80° E. The Andes Mountains are the longest and one of the highest mountain ranges in the world. They are located in South America and stretch 4,500 miles from north to south, along the west coast of the continent. Types of vegetation The Polylepis forest is located in the Andes Mountains. Polylepis forests occur at altitudes of up to 4,500 meters in sheltered areas. Polylepis is a group of tree species belonging to the rose family. Fifteen species of the Polylepis genus grow in South America, from northern Venezuela to northern Chile and Argentina Another form of vegetation that is found the in the alpine biome of the Andes Mountains is the Wild Potato. You can find the potato in places of the Andes where the temperature ranges from 60 to 70 °F during the day

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