Subia Jahangir ARTH 1380 Sarah Costello 13 June 2011 Nanna Ziggurat and Khafre’s Pyramid: Comparison and Contrast In this essay I will be analyzing the similarities and differences of two monumental structures. The constructions I will be comparing include Khafre’s pyramid and the Nanna Ziggurat. Khafre’s pyramid from the old kingdom period is located in Giza, Egypt. It dates back to circa 2575-2540 b.c.e. and is constructed from limestone (Stokstad and Cothren 2011, 56).
to 600C.E. China experienced much continuity and little changes, which varied from the ideas of Confucianism to the ruling of the emperors’ through the dynastic cycle. Over the years since the classical period, the firm teachings of Confucianism had been kept in the Chinese society and it still is very much part of the culture today. For example, Confucius’ Five Relationships created a guideline to demonstrate what roles people had Global Essay#2: Analyze the political and cultural changes and continuities in CHINA during the last periods of the classical era. Chinese, 100 C.E.
This helped the reader’s knowledge on the book. John Steinbeck’s diction included an extensive vocabulary, while T.C. Boyle’s diction was more simple and easier to comprehend. Both T.C. Boyle and John Steinbeck used direct characterization.
In addition to the development of writing, Iron casting and pottery were also advanced in Shang. Two inventions by this dynasty were the traditional Chinese dress and the books to read for pleasure. The Zhou dynasty was historically important because it set in motion the first unification of China. Zhou lasted until 256 B.C. when it divided into two periods linked partially to geography known as the Western and Eastern Zhou.
The Rise & Fall of Maya -Teotihuacan’s third legacy was to the Maya -They built on Olmec, Teotihuacano foundations -Expanded their centers to plazas surrounded by stone pyramids and crowned with temples and palaces City of Tikal -Today’s Guatemala -One of the largest , most elaborate , most completely excavated cities -in its center it holds 5 temple pyramids -a spiritual and religious center -50,000 people -Ruled by kings who were shamans -Created an elaborate calendar :recorded 3 related chronologies dates, events in cosmic time periods of thousands of years; historic events in the lives of specific rules & their states ;and the yearly cycle of agricultural activity Maya Civilization in Decline -By 900 CE great classical period of Maya in the southern lowlands ended .Hypothesis suggests; -Excessive pop pressure on natural resources -Climatic changes -Excessive warfare – destroyed their city -New Maya cities grew up in the northern highlands of the Yucatan peninsula notably - Last Maya capital Mayapan -It seemed Militaristic ,beleaguered and possessed of tough sensibilities as evidenced by wholesale human sacrifices -City destroyed in civil wars (mid- 1400
The Old Kingdom, also known as the pyramid age, contains Dynasty Three through Dynasty Six (2700-2190). The Old Kingdoms contribution to ancient Egypt was that they built many cities and many pyramids; this is why it’s known as the pyramid age. Also they expanded in trade, as well as set up a strong government for the future. Pharaohs during this time had absolute power over everything and were looked upon as Gods on Earth. The Old Kingdom starts to decline with Pepy II’s 90 year reign.
221-207 B.C.) inventions were writing and the compass. Writing was standardized to permit the people throughout china to read documents. The compass was invented to enable the Chinese to indentify the directions needed. The compass was “chiseled out of magnetic lodestone in the shape of a ladle or spoon.
According to The History of Astrology from Gryphon Astrology.com, The oldest undisputed evidence of the use of astrology as system of knowledge was recorded in the first dynasty of Mesopotamia (1950-1651 BC), giving astrology a 4,000 year history as a body of organized logic used in civilization. A. Throughout history, it has been used intricately by the Chinese, the Mayans and the Aztecs. B. Eventually, Mesopotamian influence collided with Greek influence and linked the sciences with astrology such as: 1.
Shang Dynasty Ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, following the Xia Dynasty and followed by the Zhou Dynasty Archaeological exertion at the Ruins of Yin, which was the last Shang capital, discovered eleven major Yin royal tombs and the foundations of palaces and ritual spots, including weapons of war and remains from both animal and human sacrifices, the workmanship on the weapons prove to be a towering degree of civilization. The Shang Dynasty, which was followed by the Zhou Dynasty, sparked the creation of the basic Chinese characters, which were inscribed into the oracle bones that were discovered in the initial scientific excavations during the 1920s and 1930s. Mandate of Heaven Traditional Chinese philosophical ideology stating that specific rulers had the divine right to rule The Mandate of Heaven is similar to the European ideology of the divine right of kings, except that in the Mandate of Heaven the competence and capability of the rulers was a main factor. The Mandate of Heaven was the most successful concept used in world history because it overthrew feeble rulers and made place to more competent ones. Legalism Political philosophy created by Han Fei Zi, which believed that a ruler should use extremely strict procedures to govern over his empire According to legalism particular agendas and "secrets" were to be engaged by the ruler to make sure others don't take over control of the empire.
The Wonders are dated in the past by about 1,500 years prior to our existence today (Sushma Gupta, 2001). Although the Wonders are an exclusive listing of seven works, four of these are being highlighted and examined in this analysis. The full exclusive set of the seven wonders include, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Pharos of Alexandria, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Statue of Juniper by Phidias, the Temple of Diana at Ephesus, and the Tomb of Mausolus (Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, 2013). In the descriptions of a few of these great wonders of the world, a compilation of data will give clarity and detail to the ancient artworks. In the first art analysis, The Pharos of Alexandria is on a secluded coastal area of land on its own island.