Ancient Indian History Essay

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HISTORY MODERN INDIA Revolutionary Terrorism Ph. II (1924-1932) Withdrawl of non-cooperation movement led to disillusionment and frustration among politically conscious youth. Many of them took up arms to challenge the might of British Empire. This phase was different from earlier one in its emphases on secularism, socialism and participation of woman. IMPORTANT EVENTS • Gopinath Saha tried to assassinate police commissioner Tegart of Calcutta. (1924) • Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) formed in 1924 • Founder members Sachin Sanyal Chandrasekhar Azad Ramprasad Bismil • In Kakori conspiracy case (1925), members of HRA were arrested, 4 of whom where hanged. Ramprasad Bismill Ashfaqulla Khan Roshan Lall Rajendra Lahiri • Chandershekhar Azad reorganized the group and under influence of Bhagat Singh it got socialist orientation and hence new name Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928. • Bhagat Singh had earlier formed Punjab Naujawan Sabha (1926) and also wrote "why I am an atheist" (1930) • Enraged by fatal attack on Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh, Azad and Rajguru assassinated Sounders, the officer who led the attack on 17 Dec. 1928. • Bhagat Singh and B.K. Dutt threw a harmless bomb in central legislative assembly in 1929 against public safety bill and trade disputes bill. • Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev arrested in Lahore conspiracy case in 1929 and hanged in 1931 March. • Jatin Das, member of HSRA, died after 64 day hunger strike in jail. • Chandershekhar Azad killed in police firing at Alfred Park in Lucknow in 1931. Revolutionary Movement in Bengal. • Led by Surya Sen of IRA (Indian Republican Army), also known as Masterda. • Carried out an attack on Chittagang armoury in 1930 and formed provisional government. • Women revolutionaries like Preetilata Wadedwar and

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