These advancements were most likely the basis for a sudden philosophical argument: What do we truly know? People wondered whether science was really giving us knowledge of reality. The quest for the answer to this question led to the development of these two schools of philosophy. Two of the most famous philosophers of epistemology are Rene Descartes and David Hume, the former being a rationalist, and the latter an empiricist. In this paper I will attempt to give an understanding of both rationalism and empiricism, show the ideas and contributions each of the men made to their respective schools, and hopefully give my personal reasoning why one is more true than the other.
2. Thucydides' history of the Peloponnesian War opens with a long digression on the early history of Greece. Why do you think Thucydides includes this? Can you extract any themes that might be relevant to the work as a whole? How does this introduction compare to the way Herodotus begins his history of the Persian Wars?
Anaxagoras’ ideas are in many ways similar to that of Heraclitus; however, there are some deviations that I will highlight in contrasting each philosopher’s theory on the nature of what is. Heraclitus’s main motivation in his philosophical endeavors revolved around his desire to know what is and the organization or order of all things that exist. Heraclitus's central claim in his attempt to answer his curiosities was that the world (and universe for that matter), is ordered, guided, and unified by a rational structure, which he called the LOGOS. This rational structure of the cosmos orders and controls the universe. Thus the LOGOS, in Heraclitus's view, is the unifier in nature.
As long as human have inhabited the earth, the quest to explain its origins has been foremost on their minds. The Greeks were by no means any different. There are several variations of the Greek creation myth, but the most predominant version comes from the poet Hesiod and his Theogony, which details the history and genealogy of the gods. Here is a short snyopis of his account (his actual account is quite long so here is the story cut down to size).In Theogony the Void or Chaos existed before anything else. Then came Earth (Gaia) and Eros (god of love or desire).
A History and Systems of Psychology Jillian Valdez PSY/310 June 22, 2012 Instructor: Laura Rolen A History and Systems of Psychology As Hermann Ebbinghaus said, “ Psychology has a long past, yet its real history is short.” The act of pondering life and what it is about has been around since the beginning of time, and these acts are known as philosophy. Though psychology derived from philosophy about 130 years ago it is not another name for philosophy (C. James Goodman, 2008). The main difference between philosophy and psychology is the science that has become involved in psychology. Psychology started to exist during the time of Greek philosophers around Aristotle and the renaissance. It took until the end of the 19th century for
The roots of psychology can be traced to the ancient philosopher based on their early records to understand psychology. The earliest roots of modern psychology can be traced to two different approaches to human behaviour: philosophy and physiology (see Figure 1.2). Philosophy explores and attempts to explain human nature through introspection or self-examination
The key points in chapter 2 are the Greek Dark Ages, the Archaic Era, and the Classical Era that define the development of the Greek culture in western civilizations. The idea of ethical monotheism and they believe in rational or scientific inquiry from the Greeks are the two main concepts that provide the foundations of Western thoughts and beliefs. The Greek origin originated from the Minoans and Mycenaean’s civilizations. The Minoans developed mythology in the struggles of Greeks Heroes between arête and hubris. Arête represents the individual competition to achieve excellence in culture.
A History of Ancient Greece Legacy Author: Robert Guisepi Date: 1998 A Vital Legacy The final complexity in dealing with classical Greece (and then Rome) involves its relationship to us - to contemporary residents of North America. For most Americans, Greece constitutes the first phase of "our own" classical past. The framers of the Constitution of the United States were intensely conscious of Greek precedents. Designers of public buildings in the United States have dutifully copied Greek and Roman models. Plato and Aristotle continue to be thought of as founders of our philosophical tradition, skillful teachers still imitate the Socratic Method in seeking dialogues with students, and reliance on scientific methods of inquiry
Reflecting on Euthyphro Juanita Young PHI 200 Mind and Machine Instructor Christine Nortz March 25, 2013 Reflecting on Euthyphro After reading Euthyphro by Plato, I was very intrigued as to how the initial idea of the story was so similar to that of situations still occurring in the world today. This story is based on situations that took place between two philosophers of the Greek and Roman times, Euthyphro and Socrates. Socrates seemed quite the skeptic in this story, constantly looking for answers to questions and actions of Euthyphro that he needed justification for. The reason Socrates wanted justified answers to his questions toward Euthyphro is what I’ll be discussing in this paper. I would also like to discuss the concept of how the topic of holiness emerged in the dialogue and why it plays a major role in the initial conversation between Socrates and Euthyphro.