Ancient Greece Essay

281 Words2 Pages
The ancient Greek people were polytheistic. They believed in many gods with special powers. The gods were known not only for their powers but also for their symbols. The gods and goddesses were created by the Greek people to explain natural events in the world that they did not understand. The Greeks believed that the gods and goddesses living on Mt. Olympus looked down on the Greek people and intervened in their daily lives. Athena is the goddess of wisdom, military victory, and women’s crafts. She is also known as the Roman goddess, Minerva. Her symbols include an owl, an olive tree, a helmet, and a spear. She is the daughter of Zeus and Metis. As the story goes, any child born to Metis would be more powerful than his or her father. To prevent this, Zeus swallowed the pregnant Metis. When the time came for Athena to be born, the god Hephaestus made a special ax, cut Zeus’ head open, and Athena was born! Demeter is the goddess of grain and the harvest. She is also known by her Roman name, Ceres. Her symbols include a torch, a crown, a scepter, and stalks of grain. She is often shown with her daughter, Persephone. The myth of Demeter and Persephone explains the reason for the seasons of the year. Ares is the god of war. He is also known as Mars in Roman mythology. Ares is portrayed as a warrior. Artemis is the goddess of the hunt and animals, as well as of childbirth. She is also known as Diana in Roman mythology. Her symbols are the bow and the fawn. She is often pictured with her twin brother,

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