In 962 C.E., Pope John XII presented the imperial crown to A. Charlemagne B. Hugh Capet C. Otto of Saxony D. William of Normandy 3. In the High Middle Ages, the state that seemed to have the most potential to re-create centralized, imperial rule was A. France B. Spain C. The Holy Roman Empire D. England 4. The single biggest obstacle to the rise of a powerful Holy Roman Empire was A. Continual invasions by the French B. The reoccurring appearance of epidemic diseases C. Occasional invasions from the Huns D. An ongoing conflict with the papacy 5.
His successor Edward III managed to stabilize this relationship, by creating crusades in France, focusing their energies into conquests which began the 100 years wby w05anettletonar. He also created a new caste, forming titles such as Duke, which were given to more immediate royal family. While it appeared this caused less authority for future monarchs, and the balance of nobility was more precarious, the King was still at the head of the monopoly, and we can see from Edward III’s reign that it was possible to balance. In fact, Edward III was considered one of the most successful medieval Kings. However managing this new, more powerful nobility required more attention and careful direction than Henry VI was capable of giving.
Arguably the strongest viewpoint is that Napoleon’s regime post-1804 is more obvious and the façade Napoleon established to consolidate his power is dropped. The events of 1804 were not a pivotal turning point in the style of Napoleon’s rule but simply embodied his continued authoritarian rule over France. Throughout Napoleon’s rule he made significant and important changes in the area of Government. After the Coup d’état, Napoleon became First Consul (1800) this power was then increased when in 1802 Napoleon became Consul for life, thereby enabling him to choose his successor. This ability was a feature of hereditary rule yet it can be said that Napoleon’s appointment to Emperor in 1804 is the distinctive turning point in the establishment of his hereditary regime.
| Millones of Debt | The economic downturn of Spain | | Aaron Huff | 12/12/2011 | Mr.Braun’s 2nd | Charles V was born at Ghent in 1500, throughout his life as King and Holy Roman Emperor he ruled many lands and left Spain to his son during the “Golden Age”. During the 16th and 17th centuries Spain went from being the most financially stable country in Europe to being essentially bankrupt. Phillip II was King Charles V’s son and he had many troubles as king. He lost millions rebuilding the Spanish Armada and when he died his son Phillip III had no luck reviving Spain’s economy. In about 100 years Spain went from being a “world powerhouse” to a lowly country accepting money from second-rate lenders.
Later Napoleon had defeated the Egyptians in the Battle of the Pyramids in July 1798 then defeated the Austrians in the Battle of Marengo, the latter defending France from the Second Coalition. Later that year, Napoleon’s army defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Hohenlinden in Germany; this brought the Second Coalition to an end, resulting in a peace treaty signed in Lunéville in 1801. This left France in control of Belgium, of German lands in on the river Khine and northern Italy. However, during Napoleon’s campaign he lost many thousand troops and had to increase taxes to pay for the war. The soldiers, also, took their food they needed from villages and farms they passed, killing animals digging up crops and sleeping in their houses.
207. 1066: The Year of the Conquest is a book authored by David Howarth that presents a step-by-step historical account of medieval Britain. The book talks about medieval history of present day England under King Harold the second. The king was replaced by the army of the Normans assisted by the French, led by Duke William the second of Normandy during the Norman conquest of England. The king was defeated at the Battle of Hastings in the fourteenth of October 1066 (165-169).
As the Native people of the Subarctic Shield Archaic followed suit, Pre-Dorset peoples occupied the abandon interior land. However, by 800 B.C., all evidence of them disappears. The story of Arctic Small Tool tradition in Manitoba, represented by the Pre-Dorset occupation, is significant in that the sites represent the most southerly occupation of this culture. Giddings (1953) first identified it in northern Manitoba. The Thyazzi Site on the North Knife River was later tested by Nash in 1965 and assigned to an early to mid-Pre-Dorset occupation on the basis of the lithic assemblage (Nash 1969:48).
To what extent was the changing role of the vice regent the most important change in English government in the period of 1066-1154? Throughout the Anglo-Norman period, from 1066-1154, there were many changes to the government of England, such as the growing role of the vice-regents, the increasing power of the sheriffs at the expense of the Earls, and the growing centralisation of government. The introduction of vice-regent type figures were as a consequence of continental possessions, which led to the King being away from the country for long periods during times of war in Northern France. Whilst under William II, who was the exception to the rule in that he possessed no lands in France, had very little interest in administering the Kingdom and so as a result delegated the task to Ranulf Flambard. Whilst Flambard’s role was very much to increase Crown revenues, in preparation of an invasion of Normandy, under Henry I the role was built upon.
Joan of Arc: La Pucelle In the early 1400s, a civil war became present between two factions of the French Royal family, allowing the English to re-invade France. One side, the Orleanist or Armagnac faction, was led by Count Bernard VII of Armagnac and Duke Charles of Orleans. The rivals, who were known as the Burgundians, were led by Duke John-the-Fearless of Burgundy. His son, Philip-the-Good, led forces that later would capture Joan of Arc and hand her over to the English. A pro-Burgundian clergyman and English adviser named Pierre Cauchon later arranged her conviction on their behalf.
The concept of nation-states with strong central governmental power stems from the consolidation of powers by some kings of the Middle Ages. These kings formed royal courts, appointed sheriffs, formed royal armies, and began to collect taxes - all concepts central to modern government. A leading example was the French kingdom, ruled by the Capetian dynasty from 987 until the early 14th century. French provincial nobles and their castles and knights were brought under effective royal control during this time, and national unity benefited. Conversely Germany, which had strong kings in the 10th and early 11th centuries, suffered a series of political conflicts during the High Middle Ages between rulers and the Church, which weakened national cohesion and elevated regional lords to great