CCOT Changes in Continuities in China Analyze the changes and continuities within China during the time period from 1850 B.C.E to 220 C.E During the time period 1850 B.C.E to 220 C.E China had many great innovations, great empires, and great philosophical leaders. Some of these things include the invention of creating steel and molding steel to decrease the time it took to create things which allowed China to excel greatly beyond other countries. Other idealisms such as Religions Buddhism, Hinduism, and lifestyles such as Confucianism which promoted Nonviolence, and respect for one another. China had great warfare within itself during the Warring States period however once united it became a country who outperformed all other nations. The first structured dynasty of china the Shang created the structure for Chinese political and administrative formulation which was slightly altered but not greatly changed when the Zhou dynasty took over in 1027 B.C.E some of the Shang ideology’s we’re altered to match the Zhou’s but many we’re kept the same to appease the citizens.
The Shang, Zhou, Qin, and Han dynasties The Shang dynasty was founded in 1600BC. It was the second hereditary dynasty in China. Shang was originally considered a myth, until they were discovered because the Chinese pharmacists sold oracle bones created by them as dragon bones. This dynasty marked the beginning of the development of writing. In addition to the development of writing, Iron casting and pottery were also advanced in Shang.
The arts and economy flourished under many great emperors that ruled during this time. Some of these changes included the growth of trade as their main income source and the building of the Silk Road and the canals for transportation. They developed many techniques that the world still uses today. They also made changes to their military forces, making it bigger and stronger. The continuity of Confucianism helped the people of the Han dynasty remain stable and true to their traditions and beliefs.
Despite the fact that the Chinese had a larger population, Portugal was the one who went on to become the dominant nation in the Indian Ocean during the Age of Exploration. This could be attributed to the fact that in 1433, the Chinese abruptly pulled out of the Indian Ocean Trade and returned to their former isolation. The differing ideals in politics, economics, and religious matters are what caused the Portuguese to be the leading country in the Indian Ocean Trade rather than the Chinese. Politically, China went through a golden age during the reign of the Ming Dynasty. In fact, under the leadership of Zheng- He, the Chinese managed to complete many voyages into the Indian Ocean during the 15th century due to their advanced technologies such as the magnetic compass.
A “switched on” country is widely connected economically, socially, physically and politically. Factors that affect this are natural resources, trading, culture, skilled labour force, languages spoken education and healthcare and its economy. China used to be a communist country, so there was a lot of State interference when involving what products to be bought and sold, in the 1990s, China’s economy became more Capitalist so products that are now bought and sold are based on what the population demand rather than what the government choose. The effect of this is that China’s links to other countries increase and global brand names become more well-known in China. Trans national companies start to set up there due to the massive population and amount of natural resources which provide potential employee’s and raw materials for industrialisation and new buildings are built for offices, factories and homes and it provides many more jobs for Chinese people.
Priests interpreted the cracks for answers from gods. D. Artisans made objects with bronze, jade, or ivory. Unit: Ancient China (2) Aim: How did major philosophies begin to develop in the Zhou Dynasty? Key Vocabulary: • Mandate of Heaven: divine approval of the ruler •
However, whether or not China’s industry experienced a process of profound and radical change between 1949 and 1962 is a debatable topic, which can be argued either way. Firstly, it can be argued that the growth of manufactured goods transformed Chinese industry during the 1950s. The main aim of The First Five-Year Plan, which occurred between 1952-1956, was to industrialize china and concentrated on developing the growth of heavy industries such as coal, steel and iron. These materials were vital to build roads and other means of transportation. To a certain extent, the industry of China had been transformed within this period, particularly due to the advancement of these heavy industries.
China has been a major trade country with the United States for many years. In 1844, the United States was given larger trading privileges when five ports were opened a few years prior. However, too many countries were trying to overrule the country by trade which led China to the Open Door Policy. It gave all nations equal trading rights to China, so now the United States didn’t have to compete for trade anymore. The Boxer Rebellion convinced China to sign an agreement, which helped gain support for the policy.
The Chinese’s discovery of gunpowder gave the Chinese a great advantage, going into any type of war, and after awhile they were ahead of everyone else in warfare. “During the 14th Century, Chinese gunpowder solutions had reached their maximum explosive potential” (Gunpowder.h-1). Since the Chinese were the first to come across gunpowder, it had given them more time to tamper with the formula and solution to have better performances coming from their explosives or guns. The Chinese began researching how they could make the smoke released from the explosion, to begin to
The compass was “chiseled out of magnetic lodestone in the shape of a ladle or spoon. Its handle will point south when put on the smooth Earth Plate used for divination, which contains 24 directions based on the magnetic meridian direction” as explained by cultural china. This compass was very complicated but throughout the years this invention was improved and made easier to use. Another dynasty is the Han dynasty (approx. 202 B.C.