Anatomy Essay

305 WordsMay 7, 20132 Pages
1. Teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, gall bladder, pancreas 2. Enzyme that breaks starch down into sugar. 3. Penetrates duodenal wall. Pancreatic juice secreted into small intestine. 4. Alkaline solution that includes bile salts, phospholipids and electrolytes. Bile salts emulsify fats and solubility cholesterol, increasing absorption. Liver(produced). Gallbladder(stored). 5. Absorption of nutrients and miners found in food. Duodenum, jejunum, ileum. 6. Mechanical digestion (haustral churning(mix to better absorption), peristalsis, reflexes). Cecum, appendix, colon (ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid), rectum, anal canal. 7. Mucosa- protects the tissue beneath it and carries in secretion and absorption Submucosa- vessels nourish surrounding tissues and carry away absorbed materials Muscular layer- produces movements of the tube Serosa- moistens and lubricates the outer surface 8. From Gastric gland. Increases secretory activity of gastric glands. 9. Acid from the stomach 10. Alternating waves of contraction 11. Moving materials back and forth to aid in mixing 12. Enzyme whose pepsinogen(inactive form of pepsin)a is released by chief cells in stomach(gastric gland) that degrades food proteins into peptides 13. Makes bile, detoxifies/ removes drugs and alcohol, stores vitamins/minerals/etc, activates vitamin D, feral RBC production, phagocytosis, metabolizes absorbed food molecules. 14. Incisors- Canine- Premolars- Molars- 15. Semifluid mass of partly digested food expelled by the stomach into the duodenum. 16. Pyloric sphincter- ileocecal sphincter- 17. Fingerlike projections of the mucosa. Used for absorption of nutrients. 18. Mechanical processing, assistance in chewing and swallowing, sensory analysis by touch, temperature, and taste receptors. 19. Oral stage, pharyngeal stage, esophageal stage 20. A mass of food

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