Analyzing Dr. King's Letter From Birmingham City Jail

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In Dr. King’s Letter from Birmingham City Jail, he says "A just law is a manmade code that squares with the moral law or the law of God." He believed in the law of the country and the law of the church. He did not believe in any form of violence as correct, since it endangers human life; and any kind of law or action, which is harmful or unjust to human beings anywhere, is an unjust law. The just law is a law, which believes in equality, does not distinguish between people by color, religion, status, position, age or money. Any law, which uplifts human personality, is a just law and one has a moral responsibility to obey a just law. Fromm's theory agrees with this view in his essay where he uses the terms "authoritarian conscience" and "humanistic conscience." According to Fromm, "authoritarian conscience is an internalized voice of authority inside every human being, whom they are eager to please and afraid of displeasing." This voice is the internalized commands and prohibitions of the figure of authority that every person has grown up with and are trained to follow without questioning the same. Different from the authoritarian conscience is the "humanistic conscience"; this is the voice which is present in every…show more content…
Martin Luther King, Jr., the better case for civil disobedience through strong rhetorical tactics, organized preparation, and peaceful negotiations. Inspired by the teachings of Jesus, Socrates, and Gandhi, King adopted non-violent methods of active public protest including writing and speechmaking, rallies, marches, sit-ins, picketing, boycotts, and occasional acts of civil disobedience. When faced with violent opposition, they refused to respond with
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