With the arrival of the Industrial Revolution, society was wrenched into a new era; one where there was a desire for social respectability, and where the workhouses, which came largely under construction in the mid-19th Century after the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, loomed as a constant threat to the very poor. Social discipline became a key motive for hard work; despite a large majority of people living in appalling conditions, “(Manchester was described as) heaps of offal, refuse and sickening filth are everywhere and dispersed with pools of stagnant liquid. A horde of ragged women and children swarm about the streets and they are just as dirty as the pigs which wallow happily on the heaps of garbage or the pools of filth. On average 20 people live in each of these houses of two rooms, an attic and a cellar. One privy is shared by 120 people”, the workhouse was not only a threat in terms of the physicality of it, but it also represented a loss of earnings and poverty associated with poor social respectability.
Trade and Inventiveness * Demands for goods increased in Europe * Population growth and agricultural production increase were added to the growth and trade and technology demands * Eli Whitney and John Hall invented the machine tools that were capable of making other machines * Benjamin Franklin and others experimented with electricity iv. Britain and Continental Europe * Britain played their role in the industrial revolution * They helped with economic growth, population growth and smart people who could pitch in new ideas * Furthermore Brittan has a innovative water transportation system, known as the unified market which helped with the commercial sector
Whereas the towns in Medieval Europe emerged around the 1000s A.D, Some countries around the world like America saw this event and improvement happen much later. But was the rise of towns in America much different from the one in Medieval Europe? In this essay we will compare the process of the emergence of towns in Medieval Europe and in America. We will examine how it occurred and why it happened. Firstly, the advancement of technology was a big step in rise of towns.
Since the Civil War ended in the late 1800’s, many inventions and innovations started to skyrocket in production, which led to what is now called the Industrial Revolution. This revolution really made an impact on how the people of America lived. Faster transportation, like the railroads and locomotives, made it easier for settlers to move out west where a lot of the industry work started. Inventions also made a huge impact on how people lived and made their daily lives easier. Some of these inventions were electricity, the sewing machine, the telephone, and the Model T Ford.
To help bring this about, Witte implemented the following policies to modernise the Russian economy. The government became more active in developing the economy, there was greater emphasis on producing more coal, iron, and steel. A great success for Witte was the expansion of heavy industry in Russia. He linked industrial growth with a stronger national, politically and economically, and was inspired by the more developed nations in the west. He invited foreign experts from more industrialised countries, such as Britain, France and Germany to Russia to advise him on modernisation.
It began in Britain because at the time, it was one of the most powerful empires in the world. During the industrial revolution, many new inventions were invented to make the way of living easier and more efficient. The biggest technological advancement was the steam-powered engine invented in 1760 by James Watt. The machine ran on new fuels like petroleum and coal and was an important power source. The steam engine helped the textile and manufacturing industries produce more products.
One of Alexander’s reforms was to boom industries to start competing with the west who had more developed technology and whose economies were much more stable. Alexander introduced many reforms such as emancipating the serfs and introduced more modern policies in areas such as education and the legal system. Alexander II does deserve the title “Tsar Liberator” to a certain extent. One of the major steps to liberating Russia which Alexander bravely took was the choice to issue an emancipation manifesto in February of 1861 in which he would allow serfs to be freed and given more rights. These rights included; the chance to own land, marry, trade, were given a quarter of old land free and the option to build their own businesses.
Companies fought the government and the courts for the right to become incorporated and to reap its many benefits. Capitalism has adapted in order to continue making profits. Capitalism was the primary reason for the shift from Fordism to Post-Fordism, as Post-Fordism was a more efficient model of production meaning greater profits. Capitalism requires ever expanding markets and constantly evolving methods of production, lest it cease to exist (Marx & Engels, 1848). In order to achieve this a production revolution of sorts took place in many advanced economies, countries shifted from Fordism to Post-Fordism.
TASK 4: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AS ENGINES OF ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT Kelly Carver Western Governor's University TASK 4: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AS ENGINES OF ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT PART A The Industrial Revolution had a significant social impact on Western society in a couple of ways. The Industrial Revolution began in England in the 1790’s and spread through out Europe and then to America. Although the positive effects of the Industrial Revolution were plentiful, two negative effects were substantial. One social consequence being child labor and the other being undesirable living conditions. The Industrial Revolution caused urbanization to develop abruptly.
Just for clarification, burn pits are the worst cause of air pollution. They are these huge pits, which are usually huge holes in the ground, stuffed with numerous forms of trash, waste and hazmat (hazardous materials) dumped into it and then lit on fire. These pits release a flood of toxic materials into the air. Even though all of these things are harmful and bad, they are all preventable. One of the key ways in preventing