Analysis on Descartes’ Meditations

574 Words3 Pages
Analysis on Descartes’ Meditations 1. Descartes biography (summary, a couple of reasons why he is considered as the father of modern philosophy; interesting story about him). Descartes is considered the father of modern philosophy because he established a new way of thinking that all knowledge is through rationalism and empiricism idea. He also introduced the idea that all knowledge is the product of reasoning based on self-evident assumptions, which made him write a short treatise on metaphysics; a scientific treatise named the” World or Treatise on light”, and published in French a “Discourse on the Method for conducting Ones Reason Well and for Searching for Truth in the Sciences” which introduced meteorology, optics, and geometry. Descarte also teached philosophy to queen Christina of Sweden 2. Enumerate at least two fields of studies or realities which Descartes doubted and provide reasons why he doubted them In meditations 1 he doubts our senses because he explains that “I have noticed that the senses are sometimes deceptive; and it is a mark of prudence never to place our complete trust in those who have deceived us even once.” He also explains that in his dreams he has been deceived. In meditations 2 he doubts himself because he explains that there’s no sky, no earth, no minds, no bodies therefore I too do not exist and about there is a deceiver or other who is supremely powerful who is always deceiving him, and then if that person is deceiving him he does not exist. This leads to the subject about “I am, I exist”. 3. What is that which Descartes cannot doubt in the end? Summarize his arguments why he is sure that? Descartes doubted the existence of god and also about his existence. He doubted god because in the 3rd meditation line 36-41 he talks about god could have given him a nature so he was easily deceived. Then he explains that he can
Open Document