Analysis of the Solutions of Democracy in the Fourth Revolution

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Shah Bhuiyan Professor Matthew Cohen Political Ideas December 2014 Misinterpreted Political Prisms In The Fourth Revolution by Adrian Wooldridge and John Micklethwait, the turmoils of modern democracy are examined, putting a stress on the “three revolutions” that have taken place: the advent of the nation state; the liberal state; and the welfare state. While the dynamics of these eras yielded both political, social and economic advantages, it led to drawbacks of the same spheres, being the impetus for a “world-wide revolt against big government (a bloated bureacracy, namely, and excessive taxation...” (Woolridge and Micklethwait 91) - but this impetus was never truly an effective one, or atleast, not as effective as those before leading to a “half revolution”. The modern democracy does not assess its current grounding competently as it is stuck in the past and is reluctant to accept new ideas, yet expects to be a “perfect jack of all trades” (as Macaulay puts it), conforming to the will of the people or does what they see best. While Mickelthwait propose solutions to this problem, their solutions namely focus on economic issues and don’t really address any long te rm political solutions. The gradual ascendance of the three revolutions ended in a failure of a third one, but Woolridge and Micklethwait seem to overly stress the faults of second revolution and third. The first revolution was that of Leviathan, the game-changing document that made Hobbes seem like a “dangerous egalitarian”, establishing a social contract by the people in which “parliament could be as effective as a king and that the essence of Leviathan lay in the nation state rather than in family territories..” (32), with the sovereign governing “with a light touch as if a constitutional order (Woolridge and Micklethwait 33). The next piece of history was simply that,
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