Analysis of the Republic of Plato

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Analysis of the Republic of Plato In “The Republic of Plato”, Plato attempts to answer the questions “What is the meaning of justice?”, and “How can it be realized in modern society?”. He examines all the things that a society must have in place in order to function as perfectly as possible. He explains his beliefs of division of labor, and how it is critical in a well functioning society. He also examines the nature of humans and the “selfish” motives behind peoples’ “just” actions. Plato lays out the foundation for a “perfect” society as he sees that it should be. Plato believed that all people who act justly do so because of their own selfish motives. People who act justly do so reluctantly, and only so that they do not face the consequences of rather unjust actions, according to Plato. He explains that if given the opportunity, any “man” would act unjustly if they believed they would not get caught committing offenses of an unjust nature. This way they could keep a “just” image among their peers, but still reap the rewards of the unjust actions. Ultimately, no one acts justly for the sake of justice, but rather out of fear of punishment or desire for reward, according to this theory. In my opinion Plato's point of just actions being selfishly motivated is partially true, but not completely. In a way, people acting justly to avoid punishment or to better their own lives is selfishly motivated. However I do believe that some people will perform just acts because they empathize with people who may be hurting or hungry for 1 example, and will try to ease their pain or feed them because they can relate to their situation, when they will gain nothing in return. Even in a situation like this, however, you could make the argument that the just action of helping the less fortunate is only motivated by the person hoping that they will develop good “kharma” and

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