Analysis of the Novel Color Purple

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BLACK IDENTITY WITH REFERENCE TO ALICE WALKER’S THE COLOR PURPLE In the 1920s black writers and artists of America led a flourishing new movement in the literature, theatre and jazz known as the Harlem Renaissance or the Negro movement. The Harlem Renaissance is unusual among literary and artistic movements for its close relationship to civil rights and reform organization. It was an unprecedented outburst of the creative activity among the black writers. The impact of the movement hit all the areas of art, literature, politics and social life paving way for the people of colour a constructive outlet to voice their need against all odds. In 1960s, the feminist movement emerged against the dominant patriarchal society. The goal of feminism according to Faye Powell was, “to eliminate sexist oppression imposed by patriarchal society…and discriminations against women on the job, in the home and in all areas of women’s lives.” (p. 2.) From this feminism movement comes the awakening in the black women community, known as the “Black Feminism.” The term Black Feminism is used to encompass the needs of all the women of colour. Their realization of being victimized based on gender and race brought about this movement. They raised their voices against this injustice. This helped to tear down the walls of racism, sexism and gender discrimination to certain extend. Like Alice in Wonderland the women of colour experience pitfalls of inequality and sexual harassment to identify their needs against the dominant society. They brought a personalized knowledge and experience into literature. Alice Walker, one of the most important writers of Harlem literature gives a clear picture of the dominating men and oppressed women in her award winning novel The Color Purple. Walker’s female characters break-out after such catastrophic events to
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