Swinburne observed that the order of the Universe and how we are perfectly suited to live in this environment, this implies more that we were designed rather than by us being able to survive through chance. In Swinburne’s argument he also kept the idea that God had reason to create the Universe, because He is omnibenevolent and wants to share the wonders of the Universe with humans. Swinburne observed seven features of the universe, which he argues increases the probability of the universe being designed: the existence of the Universe, the order of the Universe, the existence of consciousness, opportunities for humans to do well, pattern of history, religious experiences, and
Explain what is meant by intelligent design Intelligent design comes from the creationist teachings who's belief is that science is unconstitutional however even though it is believed the universe is created through a higher intelligent design, it does not necessarily have to be God. Creationists also believe that the story of creation from the bible is literally true and actually occurred. According to them the creation of the universe was designed through a higher being, that being God. Intelligent design is split into three smaller subsets, the first being irreducible complexity of which all objects and organisms in the universe have. Meaning they are very complex and are not able to be explained through the 'simplistic' means of natural selection and evolution theories.
His cosmological argument states that every affect has a cause, which itself has a cause. You cannot have an infinite chain of causation so there must be a first cause. This first cause must be God. The second role that was established by Aquinas for God is Causa Sine - the first cause. God being transcendent does not need a cause but he is the first cause for everything within the universe.
They believe God is the one who is controlling how humans and other animals will evolve over time. This is the theory that is likely to get more acceptance. There is also a term used by topologist called intelligent design. These are basically creationist who has argument that, the living organisms are so complex and yet so perfect, they cannot have just formed
Both, the universe and a watch have several parts, these parts work together for a purpose, they are made with a specific material, the parts produce together regulated motion and if any part would be different, this motion wouldn’t be produced. Similarly to Paley’s 5th feature of Design, Stannard proposes, that if, for example, the sun were just 5% closer or 1% further away to the earth, there wouldn’t be any life possible on earth. With all these fundamental ideas of Paley’s and Stannard’s Argument of Design they aim to prove that God as the Designer of the universe is the only explanation for how such specific processes can work. In addition to this Tennant and Swinburne both put forward God as the simplest explanation for the
Another example of the design argument comes from a philosopher called Richard Swinburne who clarifies the modern version of the DA which is called the Anthropic Argument, from this argument the idea he argues is that the universe functions by rules e.g. each day has 24 hours and this is not by chance it has been designed to have 24 hours, and the most probable explanation is God. He argues that God the only possible reason for the occurrence of these laws. Although science can explain a reason behind these laws occurring, it cannot confirm the presence of these laws and so God is the most logical explanation for this as he is above human power. Furthermore, another strength of the argument that proves the existence of God is that the world has been so perfectly built and you cannot
Calvin’s idea of predestination suggests that some people are God’s ‘elect’ and that, after death, these ‘elect’ will join God in heaven. Believers in predestination claim that our actions, whether ‘elect’ or ‘damned’, are predestined or decided by God; meaning that we have very little, if any at all, free will in our decision making or actions. This theory of predestination often leads people to believe in a God ‘who favours some but not all of his creation’, which would be intrinsically linked to miracles in the sense that, regardless of what we do, God has already decided whether he will interact with the world or perform a miracle. Miracles, in this sense, are seen not as unsystematic breaches of natural law but rather as the eternal intention of God for the world. For this reason, people who agree with Calvin in believing in predestination often find it difficult to understand why miracles aren’t common occurrences.
Since humans have the ability to think of a being more perfect then themselves, then this being must have planted the idea in our mind. With the knowledge now that God is existing, perfect and is a non-deceiver – due to him being all-good –, Descartes can now move on to explain why material objects
From the beginning of the bible, in Genesis, attributes of God are shown. Firstly, God is shown as the creator. In this, God was seen as creating the world and people out of nothing. This view is appealing today, as it relates to the big bang theory, as God is the cause of everything, just like the prime mover. Genesis 1 shows a transcendent God, who created the world in 6 days through speech, similar to the prime mover developed by Aristotle.
The universe is like the watch in the sense that it has complex features that work together perfectly; therefore the universe like the watch must have been designed. Teleologist’s like Paley would argue that the only one with such power to crate the universe is God. However this argument does not demonstrate empirical evidence to God’s existence, it only concludes that there is a designer, not that he designer is God. Therefore ‘God exists’ is not an empirical hypothesis as there is no known empirical method of proving God’s existence. Secondly ‘God exists’ is not an empirical hypothesis because the knowledge