Analysis of Peer-Reviewed Research Report Results Paper

1082 WordsNov 11, 20145 Pages
Analysis of Peer-reviewed Research Report Results Paper Rebecca Smith HCS/438 October 13, 2014 Adelbert James Analysis of Peer-reviewed Research Report Results Paper This study was done in 2008 to examine obesity in the pediatric headache population. The objective was to identify obesity and its role in the relationship between weight and the frequency and intensity of headaches. It also included headache outcomes, and the effect weight changes had in both young children and adolescents. The methods used included data on the height, weight, age, and gender as well as the frequency and disability of the headaches. Data was collected on 913 patients from 7 different pediatric headache centers; body mass index (BMI) was calculated and the same was collected at 3 and six months for comparison. The results directly correlated changes in BMI with changes in headache frequency at both the initial visit and the 3 and six month follow-ups. In all cases, the results were positively correlated such that when BMI increased, so did the frequency of headaches. The Pediatric Migraine Disability Assessment (PedMIDAS), a tool that determines the level of impairment resulting from the headache, also positively correlated with BMI percentages. Of the 913 patients, 372 were male, 541 were female, and they were primarily Caucasian with 13.4% African American, 1.2% Asian American and 0.3% Hispanic. Only 23.3% of the sample (213 patients) were seen at the three month follow-up, and only 19.1% (174 patients) were seen at the 6 month follow-up. Most of the patients received some form of preventative medication and of those, 6.7% were overweight. Several different diagnoses were made with 70.6% of patients having migraine without aura, 4.4% probable migraine, 15.9% migraine with aura, and 4.2% tension-type headache. A clinical assessment was done to allow for the multiple

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