Analysis Of Hamlet's First Monologue

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Hamlet, Text commentary: “O that this too too solid flesh would met” (1.2.129) – “But break, my heart, for I must hold my tongue” (1.2.159) This extract takes place after the conversation between Hamlet, Gertrude and Claudius about Hamlet’s too long mourning. In this excerpt, which is the very first soliloquy uttered by Prince Hamlet, there is a tension between the world of the living and the one of the dead. Actually, Hamlet is deeply affected by the death of his father (the world of the dead) and the recent wedding of his mother with his uncle Claudius (the world of the living). He is torn up between sadness and disgust. His only solution to escape sadness is to leave the living to join the world of the dead but at this moment of the play, Hamlet his not able to take this decision yet. 1. To live among the dead : a deep mourning This passage is the continuation of the previous one but it’s the very first time that Hamlet is alone on the stage, addressing both God and the audience in a monologue through which he expresses his sadness caused by the loss of his father. a. The praise of a dead father In this excerpt, Hamlet makes a short description of his father which can be seen as a funeral oration, even though it does not take place on the day of his funerals. He keeps on praising his lost father by using intensifiers: “so excellent”, “so loving”. First, he is referred to as a king and is praised for his political skills. He embodies the state/the realm. He was able to protect his kingdom and subjects from an invasion of the king of Norway, contrary to Claudius who is in deep trouble with Fortinbras, the Prince of Norway. Furthermore, he is referred to as a perfect husband but we can notice that Hamlet does not talk of him as a father. Then, Hamlet compares him to the Titan Hyperion who, in the Greek mythology, is assimilated to the sun. Thus, Hamlet’s
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