The Analysis Of The Article “Good Advice For The College -Bound” By William Raspberry.
The article “Good advice for the college -bound” is a publicist essay which advocates liberal arts education against the current trend of professional one. The title of the essay gives us to understand immediately that we deal with publicist writing, which aims at affecting our opinion and even action: the phrase “good advice” shows the subjectivity of the author’s intention to set our mind on this or that track.
However subjective the intention is, the compositional structure of the article confirms with the rules of any one. It contains three parts: an introduction where the thesis is introduced, a body where it supported with argumentation and a conclusion where the thesis is repeated. The thesis, actually the negation of the uselessness of liberal arts education, is represented as the result of the survey. Then it is supported with the examples of a few alumni’s successful careers, general statistics and the personal advice of ex-students and professors. And finally, the thesis is proclaimed as the survey consensus, as part of “winning combination” for professional life.
Being an argumentative issue, the article employs certain argumentative strategies. The analysis of the compositional structure above points to inductive reasoning, where the thesis is supported with evidence. In our case the evidence is examples, statistics and personal advice.
Besides the strategy, the argumentative power of the article is created through logical and coherent structure. We can find such means of lexical cohesion as repetition : of the words “survey”, “respondents” , “college”, “liberal arts”, “major”, “undergraduate major”; the use of synonyms : “pamphlet” - “booklet”, “respondents” – “participants”, “liberal arts” – “humanities”, “major” – “profession”, “lucrative” – “fulfilling”; and phrases with antonymous meanings: “lucrative professions” – “uncertainty, confusion and...