Analyse the Principal Characteristics of Britain's Contemporary Political Culture Essay

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Analyse the principal characteristics of Britain's contemporary political culture In Britain today, the contemporary political culture is vast. There are many different, complicated reasons why people vote they way they do, there are four main theories for why we do this: the party identification theory, the sociological theory, the rational choice theory and the dominant ideology theory. Partisanship is the idea that most voters have stable and long term feelings for one of the major parties. A partisan alignment is the long term allegiance of voters to a political party, which is part of the party identification theory, it means that there will be many devote followers to certain parties, however partisan de alignment is the breakdown of this devotedness since the 1970's as evidenced by the fact that in 1964 43% of the voters were very strong supporters and by 2005 only 13% were. Partisan de-alignment is when an individual chooses a brand new party to align with There was a strong link between class and voting behaviour. Most people would vote for their 'natural' party, the majority for working class people would vote Labour and the majority of middle and upper class would vote conservative. People from DE categories in 1974 mainly voted labour and ABC1 candidates voted Conservative. However there were exceptions as when the working class was the largest sociological group the Conservatives would not have won power without the support from the minority of working class voters. However due to class de-alignment this is not as true as it once was. As more people are becoming better educated with better jobs, and are owning their own houses, the lines between social classes are blurred. Thus making the parties not as different from each other as they once was. Obviously the parties have utilized the class de-alignment to their advantage to get more voters,

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