Carmen Mejia RWS 200/Professor Copeland Rhetorical Analysis 25 September 2011 Project One: Rhetorical Analysis Many individuals believe that American life is purposefully programmed by their leaders to be simple and easy, in order to "deprive citizens from having to actually think for themselves and be independent" (154). John Taylor Gatto, an award-winning educator and ardent libertarian, is one of those individuals who argues that “we,” as in Americans, “are a nation of children” (155). Through his usage of rhetorical appeals such as ethos, pathos and logos, Gatto can construct an effective, thorough argument in his essay Against School. Gatto effectively uses personal anecdotes and ethical appeals in order to establish a general validity with his audience. He would also establish his own ethos by including his support for dignified persons that would validate his argument.
How does Priestley present the character of Inspector Goole in 'An Inspector Calls'. J.B Priestley uses a number of different methods to present the Inspector into the play, from the language he uses, including stage directions and mannerisms; his name, Inspector Goole; and his entrance into the play, to his political views and beliefs. These varied ways of presenting the Inspector to the audience and the other characters in the play help us to understand the play and helps set across the morals in the play. One of the most powerful and important aspects to the play is the Inspector's political view. Priestley presents the Inspector as a strong believer in socialism, meaning that he cares greatly for his fellow citizens and believes that everyone should be looked after by the government and treated fairly and equally.
Adelard’s nephew was responding to Adelard’s thoughts of Aristotle and God in the article Natural Questions. Adelard was a traveling advocate of Arabic science and also was one of the scholars who was interested in Aristotle’s philosophic, naturalistic, and empirical approaches in the medieval period. Knowing this, it is obvious that Adelard was going to view things with an incredibly knowledgeable bias. An example of this bias is when Adelard said, “It is difficult for me to talk with you about animals, for I have learned one thing, under the guidance of reason, from Arabic teachers; but you, captivated by a show of authority, are led around by a halter.” Because Adelard was a highly intelligent scholar, he looked at things in a more scientific and scholarly manner rather than in the common manner of God’s will that was popular in the medieval times. Another example of Adelard’s bias is the quote, “For why not fill up sheets of paper, and why not write on the back too, when you usually have such readers today who require no rational explanation and put their trust only in the ancient name of a title?” In this quote, it is clear that Adelard was beginning to defend Aristotle’s teachings and slightly turn his back against the “God’s Will” approach.
ETHICAL CASE STUDIES Case study 1: Milgram's experiments on obedience to authority In a series of famous - and notorious - experiments, Stanley Milgram (1974) studies the factors involved in obedience to authority. Milgram recruited volunteers through a newspaper advert, which described a study of "learning and memory". Upon arriving at the laboratory the volunteers were met by the 'experimenter' and by another 'subject', who was actually a confederate of the research team. The experimenter explained that the study dealt with the effects of punishment on learning, and that one of the subjects would be the teacher and one the learner. Lots were apparently drawn, but it was arranged that in each case the volunteer would be the teacher.
Employing these tools to the speeches showed that when writing their political speeches, politicians, including Mubarak, tend to utilize various linguistic tools, in order to convince their audience with their views, opinions and ideologies. However applying a CDA to these speeches is enough to reveal their hidden purposes in addition to their speaker's ideologies. Introduction CDA is a field of study which has paved the ways for the linguists to find out the hidden ideologies behind seemingly simple and plain words. Our words are never neutral; they carry the power that reflects language is no longer seen as merely reflecting out reality but also as central to creating reality (Fisk, 1994, Taiwo, 2007) Politics is a struggle for power, where every political action is prepared, manipulated in this regard language plays a crucial role. CDA is an essential device in investigating such language of politics, clarifying how politicians deconstruct texts to come up
This was done with his effective use of the rhetorical appeals. The main audience of this speech was the students of Rice University. President Kennedy was trying to appeal to the desires of the students and the American people. The audience was aware that JFK was the President of the United States, but he used his introduction to establish his character, and why the people should listen to him. He talked about being invited as an honorary professor, and kept it all very short – just enough to introduce his audience to him, and move on to the meat of the speech.
Language Analysis – Solar Sellout The writer of the opinion piece Solar Sellout, Bob Walsh, uses an arsenal of persuasive techniques in his attempt to convince his audience that the government’s proposal for the “Greenhouse levy” is not consistent with the financial and environmental interests of the Greenville community. The accompanying cartoon reinforces Walsh’s argument and the continual reference to statistics creates a factual basis to his claims. From the beginning, Walsh’s use of inclusive language “residents of Greenville (including me)” elevates his understanding of the issue and strengthens his argument as he positions himself to be speaking on behalf of the community. In a cynical tone, Walsh loads his opening paragraphs with highly emotive language “captive”, “blatant abuse” and “nasty”. In creating a distrustful image of the council, this not only serves to sensationalise the issue and capture the engagement of the audience but additionally it arouses sympathy for the Greenville residents in its appeal to “abuse of residents’ rights” and financial burdens.
Moreover, Jack represents savagery due to his role as a hunter. Golding perfectly makes use of characters, concerns and language to highlight the main theme of the novel, which is civilization versus savagery. There are three main characters in Lord of the Flies, which are Ralph, Piggy and Jack. From the story, we can simply read the lines to probe into these characters’ physical characteristics, their personality, their relationship with other characters, and so forth. But how did Golding introduce them?
In order to competently grapple with the works of Karl Marx, it becomes necessary to understand his core philosophies, foundations, and the historical, social, and economical climates of his time. During the course of this paper it is my aim to briefly explain these foundations and conditions, as well as put into plain words chosen selections from the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts and the Communist Manifesto. Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts One of the largest influences on Marxian thought was Georg Hegel’s concept of human history from a teleological point of view. Just as an acorn has a predefined telos (becoming a mature oak), Hegel believed that humans, too, had a destined end (a form of earthly utopia). Furthermore, Hegel believed that this end could be achieved by the human species being over generational periods.
The ‘Taking Stock’ in the opening slide of Professor Lee’s presentation is indicative of the conference being for the purpose of reflecting on efforts made towards safeguarding biodiversity since 2002. It is also a clever play on words; the slide reinforces what Lee articulates throughout his speech. The first meaning used for the pun suggests to listeners that they need to ‘take stock’ or in other words, scrutinise the grim situation of biodiversity and call for much needed attention to the issue. Through referring to the second meaning of ‘stock’ as animals, Lee intends to appeal to a sense of guilt since he proposes the idea that humans are cruelly annihilating the environment by ‘taking’ whatever ‘stock’ for their own purposes. The accompanying visual in the opening