* An explanation of the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years.
Although all children will develop at different rates and reach their milestones at different ages the sequence in which they develop usually differs very little because a child needs to have developed one skill before they can move on to the next, for example, a baby would usually learn to crawl or shuffle before they develop the skills needed to walk.
Development is most rapid in the early years and so the milestones start by being quite close together, however as a child grows the milestones become further apart.
The aspects of development a child is measured on are physical development, social and emotional development, intellectual development and language development. No one area of development is more important than another and they all have an impact on each other.
Physical development is usually most rapid early on in a child’s development. Babies begin smiling within weeks of being born and will start to respond to sounds and the environment around them. By six months old most babies are able to grasp objects when placed in their hands. By the age of one a baby will begin to crawl or shuffle, they are able to use furniture to stand up and then cruise along it sometimes needing an adult for support, they are able to sit unaided and can roll from their front onto their back. Their hand to eye co-ordination improves as they learn to pass objects from one hand to the other, their first teeth may start to appear and solid foods have usually been introduced.
Between the ages of one and two a baby a baby will learn to walk and use push along toys to aid walking, they will learn to explore and enjoy feeding themselves both with a spoon and with finger food and will drink from a cup using both hands. A baby will also learn to wave goodbye and begin pointing to things that they want.
Between the ages of two and three a child will enjoy using pencils to scribble...