‘an Effective Alliance Was the Key to Successful Warfare.’ How Far Do You Agree with This Assessment for the Period 1792 to 1945?

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‘An effective alliance was the key to successful warfare.’ How far do you agree with this assessment for the period 1792 to 1945? Firstly, I will focus on successful wars which were fought by alliances; therefore backing up the assessment. One of the most prolific wars of the period which was won at least partially due to an alliance was the First World War. The First World War was backed completely by alliances, with two ‘sides’ forming; the British, French, Russians and later the Americans on one side, and the Germans, Austro-Hungarians and Ottomans on the other. Until the Americans joined the War, Germany had managed to move forces into Belgium and Western France, increasing the pressure on Britain because for the first time it became apparent that the War was even closer to home than had at first been perceived. The nature of the war took a turn in 1917 when the USA joined to the aid of Britain, France and Russia, taking part in their first battle on the 28th May 1918, which proved as a success and a great boost to allied morale. Now, that the USA, the world’s strongest economic power had joined the war, Germany was forced to fight the war on two fronts; both on the East and on the West. It was because of this alliance, and fact that the Allies faced Germany and its allies on both sides that, once America had joined, the war was able to be won decisively. Linking to this fact, the alliance and geographical positions of both America and Russia were not the only two determining factors, as both nations were able to supply vast numbers of troops to the war effort, and the USA in particular was able to supply copious amounts of money to the allies, bringing new technologies to warfare. Following on from the alliance and success of Britain, France, Russia and America, a similar situation took place in 1939, with the outbreak of the Second World War. Again, the

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