Position of Women In Legal And Judicial Profession In India
Since, the beginning of legal and judicial profession in India, women have always been a part of it, even though their numbers were less in a male dominated profession. Though in recent years, the position of women in terms of numbers have been rising rapidly, thus bringing a significant transformation in the legal and judicial profession. Yet despite substantial progress towards equal opportunity, their numbers as compared to men are still highly inferior especially in most of the states of India.
Therefore, in order to contemplate the theoretical explanations of gender inequalities that persist across legal and judicial profession, we have gathered the following data on position of woman in Supreme Courts, High Courts, District Courts, Number of female lawyers in India and number of females who appear for law exams.
• Female Judges in Supreme Court of India
The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial forum and final court of appeal as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India. The Supreme Court of India held its inaugural sitting on 28 January 1950, and since then has delivered more than 24,000 reported judgments.
According to the Constitution of India, the role of the Supreme Court is that of a federal court and guardian of the Constitution. The Supreme Court is meant to be the last resort and highest appellate court which takes up appeals against judgments of the High Courts of the states and territories.
Number of Supreme Court Judges
From (table 1) we can see that out 26 Judges, 2 are female judges which are only 7% of the total number of judges and 24 are male judges which are 93% of the total number of judges.
• Female Judges In High Courts of India
The High Courts are the principal civil courts of original jurisdiction in the state along with District Courts which are...