Financial Statements ACC/280 May 01, 2012 Edward Vargas Financial Statements Accounting is extremely important by monitoring the functions of the companies, and allowing them to make appropriate financial transactions and decisions. Some areas of accounting can seem confusing and difficult but in the end the outcome is clear and concise. There are two basic forms of accounting known as; financial and managerial accounting. Financial accounting responsibilities are to follow the General Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) that is regulations for investor relations, creditors, and taxation purposes, whereas managerial accounting is for internal evaluation. There are different functions and categories that accounting
The consultation involves a determination on whether financial statement reporting follows regulations and guidelines established in the Sarbanes-Oxley Section 404. The consultation also includes identity of internal risks detected within Apollo Shoes. A brief synopsis of our responsibility concerning the detection and reporting of fraudulent activity follows at the end of this engagement letter. Sarbanes-Oxley Section 404 An integral part of a financial audit includes an evaluation of the internal controls in the company's financial reporting. As an auditor, understanding and testing internal control over financial requires knowledge of standards applicable to the corporation established by GAAP or IFRS.
Pro forma financial information is generally used to illustrate the effects of transactions such as business combination, and change in capitalization. There are countless reasons on why companies use pro forma statement in their business, the most significant is the planning and control received when using pro forma. The process of using pro forma statements are less time consuming, they help businesses evaluate and make a better distinction between business plans (Scarborough, Wilson, & Zimmerer, 2009, p. 196). Pro forma statements are an excellent outlet for resources that will help a business forecast expected earnings should the company chose to merge with another company or even if the company wanted to sell off part of it operations (Scarborough, Wilson, & Zimmerer, 2009, p. 196). The pro forma statements are commonly used when applying for a business loan.
BYP 1-6 (a) Who are the stakeholders in this situation? The stakeholders in this situation would be the vice-president of finance, the president of Robbin Industries, Wayne Terrago, and the users of Robbin Industries’ financial statements. Each of these stakeholders will be affected by any choices Robbin Industries make that affect the company’s financial statements. These individuals each have something to lose by the company providing falsified or inaccurate financial statements (Weygandt, Kieso, & Kimmel, 2010). (b) What are the ethical issues involved in this situation?
1. Reflect and describe which key concepts and topics in this course have made you a stronger candidate to enter the business world. A few important concepts that this course covered are gross income inclusions, gross income exclusions, deductions and losses, and itemized deductions. The ones I believe have made me a stronger citizen in general are employee expenses and deferred compensation, itemized deductions and capital gains and losses. Capital gains and losses are important to understand because it can directly affect and individual or a business adjusted gross income.
In Problem 1-3A, you are asked to create financial statements. The financial statements should be created in a certain order. First is the Income Statement, second is the Statement of Owner’s Equity, third is the Balance Sheet and last is the Statement of Cash Flows. The order is very important because the statements are all interconnected and rely on the proceeding statement to be completed. The Income Statement presents the
Financial ratios are valuable indicators to determine a company’s performance and financial situation. Ratios can be calculated from the data provided by the financial statements. Financial ratios are used to compare the company’s financials to those of its competitors and to analyze trends. Ratios can also predict future bankruptcy of a company, a useful tool for loan officers and investors. Ratios determine liquidity, profitability, and solvency of a company.
“Economic data and the signals they contain are central to business conditions analysis.” Economists spend much of their time gathering, interpreting, and manipulating macroeconomic data. This is important because the data they obtain provides signals which are used to predict what will happen in the trade over a set period of time. Signals are divided into two categories that economists focus on, and they are direct and indirect signals. There is a difference between direct and indirect signals. Direct signals are signals that are measurable in terms of validity and reliability.
CHAPTER 4 - Internal Controls, Accounting for Cash, and Ethics ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1. The accounting scandals of WorldCom and Enron are partially responsible for the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. SOX requires public companies to evaluate their internal control system. 2. Internal control is the process designed to ensure reliable financial reporting, effective and efficient operations, and compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
Abstract The paper is for the financial management and focus on two important costing methods, the absorption costing and marginal costing. Base on the example of Simpson Ltd, it will be given the profits calculated by each method, and show the process and also explain the reason of different result. Furthermore, these two methods will be compared in the other situation in order to indicate the natural theory of both of them. On the other hand, it also will try to discuss the advantage and disadvantage of each method in financial reporting and management decision-making, then conclusion will be given to present the final personal opinion. Introduction Cost accounting is one of the most important parts of accounting system, and it plays a significant role in so many areas of business like decision-making or financial report.