Using the estimate of 4.5 million gallons per month, how would you construct a futures hedge for the next 12 months? How would you construct a commodity-swap hedge? In order to construct a future hedge, J&L should short a future contract. (in order to gain from the price decrease) In order to construct a commodity- swap hedge, J&L need to sell a floor while simultaneously buy a cap 4. Should Craft consider using a cap as a hedge?
Table of Contents Executive Summary 3 Introduction 4 Analysis of Alternatives 5 Alternative 1: Introduce a new product 5 Alternative 2: Increase promotion 6 Alternative 3: Raise prices and cut costs 7 Recommendations 7 Appendix: Budgeted Income Statements & the Rate of Growth in Profits 9 Executive Summary Shepard Poles is a manufacturing company that has been providing specialized poles in the market for over ten years. Shepard Poles has about three different product lines: hiking poles, downhill ski poles, and cross-country ski poles. According to the calculation on current operating data, the company has incurred a operating loss of $ 165,000 this year. If any new strategic initiatives are not implemented next year, the unit sales and all costs are expected to rise about 7 percent and 2 percent respectively. However, this situation would make the company incur more loss next year, which is about negative $ 293,586.
New contribution margin = $70 Break-even point in passengers = fixed costs/contribution margin Passengers = 45,000 Train cars = 715 e) Springfield Express has experienced an increase in variable cost per passenger to $ 85 and an increase in total fixed cost to $ 3,600,000. The company has decided to raise the average fare to $ 205. If the tax rate is 30 percent, how many passengers per month are needed to generate an after-tax profit of $ 750,000? Before Tax Needed Profit = $1,071,428.57 Before Tax Needed Contribution Margin = $4,671,428.57 Contribution Margin per Customer = $120 Number of Customers Needed = 38,928.57 Whole Number of Customers Needed = 38,929
Question: : (TCO D) A company issues $5,000,000, 7.8/%, 20-year bonds to yield 8% on January 1, 2010. Interest is paid on December 31. The proceeds from the bonds are $4,901,036. Using effective-interest amortization, how much interest expense will be recognized in 2010? 15.
Assume that (i) if the trial proceeds it is expected to last less than a month and result in two possible outcomes in terms of the price per share established in court: the $273,000 claimed by the plaintiffs, or the $55,400 being defended by Herbert Kohler; (ii) Kohler estimates the probabilities of these outcomes at 30% and 70%, respectively. 5. How would your answer to question 4 change if you also assume that (i) the inheritance tax owed on Frederic Kohler’s estate was 50.2% of its holdings in Kohler Co. (equivalent to 489 shares of the 975 he owned); (ii) the taxes paid by the estate amounted to $27 million (489 shares at $55,400 each); (iii) were the settlement or the trial to result in a revised share price in excess of $55,400, the IRS would likely demand a similar valuation for its claim on Frederic’s estate; and (iv) Herbert Kohler estimates the probability of the IRS’s demand at 100% if he proceeds to trial, and 50% if he
This can exploit company's expertise in small-gasoline-engine technology and also balance seasonal demand cycles in the North American and European markets to provide additional revenues during winter months. Initially, PLE faces two possible decisions: introduce the product globally at cost of $850,000 0r evaluate it in a North American test market at a cost of $200,000. If it introduces the product globally, PLE might find either a high or low response to the product. Probabilities of these events are estimated to be 0.6 and 0.4 respectively. With a high response, gross revenues of $2,000,000 are expected; with a low response, the figure is $450,000.
* Of the $18400 Rhodes made in mortgage payments last year, $8000 was interest. The income statement lists 2008 interest paid as $32000, which means that there are other debts that required payments of $24000. If possible, accelerating payback on these loans can be very beneficial in the long run. * At industry average levels, wages of a similar business would be approximately $79000, or $11000 lower. * Wages, advertising and rent total %23.1 of sales in the average business, leaving %1.9 of sales for property taxes, interest, utilities, depreciation and other expenses.
If the lease contract gives Royal the option to buy the machine at the end of four years, then both parties must report the transaction as a capital lease 28. Danville Corporation buys a truck for $52,000 and leases it to Viceroy for 8 years. At the end of that time, Viceroy can buy the truck for $7,000 in cash. Which of the following is not true? 1.
a) Prepare a cash budget for Sharpe covering the first seven months of 2004. b) Sharpe has $220,000 in notes payable due in July that must be repaid or renegotiated for an extension. Will the firm have ample cash to repay the notes? No, the firm will not have enough cash to pay the notes payable. Although there is enough ending cash if $200,000 is spent on the notes payable then there will be an insufficient amount to purchase raw materials or other expenditures. If the firm decides to use its cash for the notes payable it will then have to obtain financing to maintain the cash balance.
The most expensive part of the law required positive train controls (allowing remote operators to take control of a train if necessary) be installed on most trains at a cost “between $9.6 billion and $13.3 billion over 20 years.” The benefit-cost calculations performed by the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) were just “$440 million to $674 million over 20 years” (Steiner, 2012, p. 350). This is a ratio of more than 20:1 (cost over benefit) for just one of the new regulations imposed; the FRA estimated that the new regulations would also require railroads to spend an additional 1.7 million hours per year on new paperwork requirements (Steiner, 2012, p. 350). 2.0 Case Study Analysis Question 1: What were the causes of the Metrolink accident? Causes of the Metrolink accident can easily be broken into the naturally disjoint categories of proximate and distal causes. The