Volume of gas = molar volume x number of moles The molecular formula of gaseous hydrocarbons (CxHy) and organic compounds (CxHyOz) can be determined by combustion in excess oxygen to form carbon dioxide and water, using the following equations: CxHy + (x+ y/4) O2 x CO2 + y/2 H2O CxHyOz + (x+ y/4- z/2) O2 x CO2 + y/2 H2O Example 4 When 10 cm3 of a gaseous hydrocarbon was combusted in excess oxygen in an enclosed vessel, the volume of gas (measured at 298K) was reduced by 25 cm3. The addition of excess NaOH (aq) caused a further reduction in gas volume of 40 cm3 (measured at 298 K). The pressure in the vessel was maintained constant at 1 atm throughout the measurements. Find the molecular formula of the
20. mol H2 reacts with 8.0 mol O2 to produce H2O. Determine the number of grams reactant in excess and number of grams H2O produced. Identify the limiting reactant. 8.1 g H2 , 2.9 x 102 g H2O 17. How many litres of O2 gas are required to produce 100. g Al2O3?
Fluorine is a corrosive pale yellow gas. It is highly reactive, participating in reactions with virtually all-organic and inorganic substances. Fluorine is the most electronegative element. Metals, glass, ceramics, carbon, and water will burn with a bright flame in fluorine. It is possible that fluorine can substitute for hydrogen in organic reactions.
a) for a we first need to find a balanced equation for when the hydrocarbons combust to form CO2 and H20. Then we plug in the deltaHf values and plug these into the equation. a) C4H6 + 11/2O2 ==> 4CO2 + 3H2O Delta Hrxn = [4DeltaHf(CO2)+3DeltaHf(H2O)] - [DeltaHf(C4H6) + 11/2DeltaHf(O2)] = [4(-393.5kJ) + 3(-285.83kJ)] - [111.9kJ + 11/2(0kJ)] = -2543.39kJ C4H8 + 6O2 ==> 4CO2 + 4H2O Delta H rxn = [4DeltaHf(CO2) + 4DeltaHf(H2O)] - [DeltaHf(C4H8) + 6DeltaHf(O2)] = [4(-393.5kJ) + 4(-285.83kJ)] - [1.2kJ +6(0kJ)] = -2718.52kJ C4H10 +13/2O2 ==> 4CO2 +5H2O DeltaHrxn = [4DeltaHf(CO2) + 5DeltaHf(H2O)] - [DeltaHf(C4H10) + 13/2DeltaHf(O2)] = [4(-393.5kJ) + 5(-285.83kJ)] - [-124.7kJ +
In this experiment, the amount of energy (heat) involved in a chemical change will be determined. When alcohol burns it produces carbon dioxide and water as products. Energy is also released in the reaction. The alcohols that will be used are, methanol CH3OH, ethanol CH3CH2OH, propanol CH3(CH)2OH, butanol C4H9OH, octanol C8H18O, and paraffin wax C25H52. The heat obtained when a known mass of alcohol or paraffin wax burns will be used to warm a measured volume of water.
C1.4.3 Hydrocarbon fuels Additional guidance: a) Most fuels, including coal, contain carbon and/or hydrogen and may also contain some sulfur. The gases released into the atmosphere when a fuel burns may include carbon dioxide, water (vapour), carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen. Solid particles (particulates) may also be released. Candidates should be able to relate products of combustion to the elements present in compounds in the fuel and to the extent of combustion (whether complete or partial). No details of how the oxides of nitrogen are formed are required, other than the fact that they are formed at high temperatures.
1 mole of water B. 2 moles of water C. 3 moles of water D. 2 moles of water with 1 mole of hydrogen left over 8. Ten kilograms of hydrogen gas (H2) are mixed with 355 kg of chlorine (Cl2) in a 0.50 m3 drum. The two gases react to produce hydrogen chloride. What is the final pressure in the drum if the final temperature is 60oC?
Nitration of Methylbenzoate Aim: The aim of the experiment is to successfully perform the nitration of Methylbenzoate by the recrystalisation method and in doing so obtaining a melting point and the infra-red spectra graph of the product. Introduction: Methylbenzoate is an aromatic compound and it is structurally related to Benzene. It has an electron rich aromatic ring which makes it vulnerable to electrophiles this in turn making them react. A common electrophile is used in this reaction, which is the NO2+ nitronium ion. It is produced by reacting nitric acid and sulphuric acid simultaneously.
“The fuels are made by separating and chemically changing petroleum compounds, a process referred to as refining (Farrauto). Diesel and gasoline are both made up of many different hydrogen-carbons, which are “compounds of consisting of hydrogen and carbon elements” (Farrauto). However diesel carbon atoms are in longer chains than gasoline. “Diesel chains have 14 carbon atoms whereas gasoline chains have 9” (Farrauto). The main differences between diesel and gasoline are as follows: “a) A diesel Engine takes air into the cylinder and compresses it.
There is about 1700 kPa (250 psi) pressure in the tank when full. Acetylene when combined with oxygen burns at a temperature of 3200 °C to 3500 °C (5800 °F to 6300 °F), highest among commonly used gaseous fuels. As a fuel acetylene's primary disadvantage, in comparison to other fuels, is high cost. As acetylene is unstable at a pressure roughly equivalent to 33 feet/10 meters underwater, water submerged cutting and welding is reserved for hydrogen rather than acetylene. Compressed gas cylinders containing oxygen and MAPP gas.