Impressment was a policy of forced recruitment of sailors by the British Royal Navy during the late 18th and early 19th century. The Merchant Marine of the United States was a group of privately owned and operated commercial ships. They were registered under the American flag and traded internationally between different nations. An estimated 20,000 Britons, including deserters from the Royal Navy, worked on American ships between 1790 and 1815 (“Impressment and Search”). The British were in need of sailors to fill the void on ships from the war with the French.
Max Bruckner History 203 Makimura Book Review #2 The Two Princes of Calabar: An Eighteenth Century Atlantic Odyssey by Randy Sparks The largest forced migration in human history, the African Slave Trade, has left little documentation records for historians to work from. Given the long lasting historical repercussions of the estimated eleven million African captives forced to cross the Atlantic from the fifteenth to the nineteenth century, we know amazingly little about the individual experiences of the horrific middle passage. Randy Sparks’s book corrects this silence. It tells the remarkable story of two African princes enslaved at Old Calabar in the Bight of Biafra, taken first to the Caribbean and then shipped to Virginia. They then escaped to England where they sued for their freedom, and finally made their way back to Old Calabar.
Aristide fled the country. Many of Aristide's supporters in Haiti were beaten, imprisoned, tortured, and murdered. With the country in uproar, its economy took a sharp downward spiral. When the Haitians began escape Haiti during the winter of 1991, they made the dangerous choice of heading to the United States by boat (CRF, 2010). When the U.S. Coast Guard seized most of the survivors, they were taken to the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba to be interviewed.
When president of Cuba Fidel Castro agreed to allow citizens to leave in response to a tough Cuban economy, many of them departed to the United States and landed in South Florida which increased the crime rate in the city of Miami. However Cuba wasn’t the only country that was responsible for the crimes in Miami during the 1980s. Colombia was also involved in the Cocaine business in Miami. Based on the movie Cocaine Cowboys, it shows how John Roberts, Mickey Munday, Rafa Cardona Salazar, Max Mermestein was importing drugs into Florida. Jon Roberts who flooded Miami with $2 billion worth of cocaine in the '80s,was one of the drug trafficker and government informant who operated in the Miami area and was an associate of Medellín Cartel during the growth phase in cocaine trafficking.
After surviving the middle passage (the brutal shipment of Africans to be sold in the Americas), he was made a slave on a plantation in the United States. Haley visited archives, libraries, and research repositories on three continents to make the book as authentic as possible. He even reenacted Kunta's experience during the middle passage by spending a night in the hold of a ship and stripped to his underwear. Haley once commented that he never felt his novel was history but more so a study of myth-making. Published in 1976, covering his ancestry back to Africa spanning over seven American generations, the book was later made into a television mini-series and sparked a conversation for searching our own
How does Marlon James rewrite Jean Rhys’s Coulibri? Marlon James rewrites Jean Rhys’s Coulibri in almost opposite way as it is described in Wide Sargasso Sea. The book of Night Women takes place during the early 1800s therefore it foregrounds the daily uncertainties and horrors of slavery in the 18th century Montpelier and Coulibri estate of Jamaica. During that period,the master or the whites of the plantations of Montpelier, Coulibre seek to maintain the line between themselves and slaves through the whip and the gun. Ownership of the slaves granted the masters power to use these slaves in their favor, wether it be in the fields or their houses.
It has its roots found in slavery however, where owned property (slaves) were forced to address their retainer by whatever title he appointed. This oppressive way of life of course led to mass rebellions and even militaristic unrest from every great military regime from China to Germany. When the Marine Corps got hold of it however, it was first used on ships for functionality. Seamen would typically resort to a simple “Aye, Aye” when the captain was shouting out commands, to avoid confusion as well as increase productivity in their mission....which was usually fighting another ship so in essence, they did this only to save their lives as it was necessary. Once again however, the new Marine Corps teaches us “Yes, No and Aye” sir, as our means of communication and that if we address a higher-up without saying his/her rank at least once per sentence, that we are being disrespectful.
Kook and Quamana, were born, grew up, and sold into slavery. They brought with them from Africa the memories and stories of the powerful and warlike empire in which they mostly likely grew up (Rasmussen 22). The third man, Charles Deslondes, served as a slave driver, a member of the slave elite on the plantation of Spaniard Manuel Andry, a planter known for his cruelty toward his slaves. Despite how Deslondes appeared, “ he was one of the key architects of an elaborate scheme to kill off the white planters, seize power for the black slaves, and win his own freedom and that of all those laboring in chains on the German Coast” (Rasmussen
Running out of supplies and the crew about to go on mutiny, Columbus turns the ships around and only if he went about fifty more miles, he would have discovered that Cuba was an island. They return home and Columbus says that Cuba is apart of Asia and he makes the shipmates sign paper saying that they thought the same thing. La Costa (master of the Santa Maria) has a different theory and goes against Columbus’s contract that
For example, in Brazil if there are not beans my younger brother would not sit at the table and eat. He would never eat his food with no beans. My mom, my sister and I are more laid back about that, but most of the time we cook rice and beans as well, and of course