Americans with Disabilities Essay

1424 WordsJul 23, 20126 Pages
Americans with Disabilities Act This presentation is about The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which was passed by the United States Congress in 1990. This Act is to prevent discrimination against people with mental and physical disabilities. According to the Americans with Disabilities Act, the basic definition for a medical condition or disorder is “an impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a record of such an impairment, or being regarded as having such an impairment”. The American with Disabilities Act, also, states that a disability is when a person has a medical condition or a disorder, called an impairment, which can substantially limit them from doing the basic activities or major life activities. Qualified impairments are “hearing loss, limited eyesight, and loss of a limb or an illness from a pathogen” (ADA, 2009). Examples of Major Life Activities are: “walking, seeing, hearing caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, standing, lifting and thinking” (ADA, 2009), just to name a few. The Act is intended to prohibit employers and service providers from discriminating against the handicap who are more than capable of being gainfully employed. It, also, requires an employer to make reasonable accommodations for employees with a disability by modifying or adjusting a job, or work environment that would allow a qualified employee to perform the essential functions of their job. A qualified employee is one that meets the required job qualifications, has the “experience, education and other job related requirements for the position” (ADA, 2009) that he or she is applying for. They must be able to “perform the essential functions of the job, with or without reasonable accommodations” (ADA, 2009). The essential functions are the duties that are required in the position. This means that if a person who is

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