However, the many taxes passed by the British Parliament hindered their progress, upsetting the colonists. One of the first significant taxes was the Sugar Act of 1763, enacted by the british parliament, which added a tax to sugar bought by the colonists. This tax enraged the colonists because they enjoyed the use of sugar and they didn’t want to have to pay more for it. The colonists, in response, began to smuggle sugar and other goods. The british, in response to the smuggling, set up a court without a jury present and the presumption was that the colonists were guilty.
This act is also linked to the Boston Massacre because it was the last act passed before this event. Declaratory Act The Declaratory Act was passed in 1766 by the Parliament following the repeal of the stamp act. It stated that the authority of the Crown in America was the same as in England and created almost complete Royal control of the government. This made the colonist very angry because they were protesting so much against the stamp act and then the English come in and pull this stuff! Quartering Act This act was part of the intolerable acts and was passed on June 2nd 1774.
Colonists were provided with even more reason to practice their religion and continue their work in America for a better, more liberated life. England's success at colonizing, what would become the United States, was due in large part to its use of charter companies. Charter companies were groups of stockholders, usually merchants and wealthy land owners, who sought personal economic gain. While the private sector financed the companies, the King provided each project with a charter conferring economic rights as well as political authority. The colonies generally did not show quick profits.
When King George III refused the petition, the Continental Congress had no choice but to take charge over the war for the colonists. They sent out commissioners all over Europe to try to convince others, like France and Spain, to join their war effort against the British. Meanwhile, delegates of the Congress in Philadelphia drafted the Declaration of Independence in June 1776, and on July 4th, 1776, all delegates at the Congress signed off on the document, which officially ceded any ties the colonists had with Great Britain. This document impressed many onlookers of the American Revolution, and convinced Spain and France to ally with the young nation in order to fight the British (“Declaration of Independence”). When grievances with Great Britain first began, a small minority of people considered declaring themselves an independent nation.
Chapter 4 Summary The War for Independence The Stirrings of Rebellion The heavy costs of the French & Indian War convinced the British government that additional revenues should be raised from the American colonists Parliament, persuaded by Prime Minister Grenville, passed the Stamp Act in 1765, the first tax levied directly on the colonists, on their goods and services (previous taxes had been duties, or tariffs, on imports) Special stamped paper was required for documents and paper items, including pamphlets and newspapers, affecting everyone Many colonists lost respect for British authority and anger rose against the King and Parliament The Sons of Liberty, an organization formed by Samuel Adams and others, harassed British officials and protested against the tax
Revolutionary War (1775–83): Causes The roots of the Revolutionary War ran deep in the structure of the British empire, an entity transformed, like the British state itself, by the Anglo‐French wars of the eighteenth century. After the fourth of these conflicts, the Seven Years' (or French and Indian) War, the British government tried to reform the now greatly expanded empire. The American colonists resisted, creating a series of crises that culminated in the armed rebellion of 1775. The Imperial Background. With the Glorious Revolution (1688), England's foreign policy took the anti‐French path it followed until 1815—a path that led to four wars before 1775.
America’s decision to declare independence form Great Britain was both due the change of economic policies and to the development of refining life and liberty. After driving the French out, with help from the Indians and British troops, colonist began to quarrel with Parliament’s insistence of testing the limits of their power in North America. Their control was made difficult when residents decided to smuggle and boycott goods. Eventually, the colonies resistance and loss of patience would lead them directly to independence. The Proclamation of 1763 was the first to anger the colonist.
“Don’t fire unless fired upon, but if they mean to have a war, let it begin here.” - John Parker. Revolution is a dynamic process whose consequences no one can anticipate. The American colonies in 1765 were surprised by the new taxes that were being presented from the Parliament. This caused a rebellion that lead to a complete separation from Great Britain that once the colonistshad loved because of their powerful government that viewed them as equals and largely left alone to do what they wanted. Little over a decade, conflict began to occur with the British and Patriots in the Spring of 1775 in Massachusetts.
Many people started boycotting this tax, and they had the Sons of Liberty to support them. The Sons of Liberty were a group that encouraged boycotts, held public meetings, and intimidated royal officials. In 1770, British troops opened fire on a boycotting crowd killing five civilians. This was known as the Boston Massacre and was
Americans were fuming when the British allowed the East Indian Tea Company to send the merchandise directly to the colonies. A very important character named Thomas Jefferson was introduced the history of America. He was a man who wrote the Declaration of Independence, signed by all the governors of the colonies. The exact date when America got freedom from the British was on July 4th, 1776. America’s Revolution and France’s Revolution both had many differences, and similarities.