American Portraits and Political Interpretations in Frank L. Baum’s the Wonderful Wizard of Oz Essay

2218 WordsMar 17, 20159 Pages
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a children’s novel written in 1900 by L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W.W. Denslow. The story chronicles the adventures of a young girl named Dorothy Gale in the Land of Oz, after being swept away from Kansas, where her home is located, in a cyclone. As the story goes, she makes friend with various kinds of beings, such as Scarecrow, Tin Woodman, and Lion and they make a journey to the Wizard of Oz to get their wishes come true. Along the way, they face various obstacles. In the end, they managed it together and each of their hopes comes true. The novel is one of the best-known stories in American popular culture. Children like it because it is a kind of good story, full of fun characters and exciting adventures. Adults, in case of its field and history, also like the novel because they can read between. When we concern on the symbols in the novel, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is no longer an innocent fairy tale, it has underlying meanings that symbolize various ideas of political interpretations as evidenced in its intrinsic unsure and its relation with ironic portraits of America in that era. Before going further to the ideology that is used in the novel, let us take a look at the meaning of ideology itself. According to Oxford English Dictionary, ideology is a systematic scheme of ideas, usu. relating to politics or society, or to the conduct of a class or group, and regarded as justifying actions, esp. one that is held implicitly or adopted as a whole and maintained regardless of the course of events. Referring to the definition and three levels of ideology in children's book by Peter Hollindale in his book entitled “Ideology and the Children's Books”, I found that there is ideology inserted explicitly in the novel. The idea was made up of the explicit social and political of American people in 1890s. Besides, it implies Baum’s

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