* The Bolshevik Revolution in Russia inspired a small-scale rise of the Communist party in America.
* In response to the rise, General A. Mitchell Palmer led the “red scare,” which rounded up Communist suspects all across the nation.
* This episode also introduced criminal syndicalism laws and the American plan.
* The anti-red fervor of this time was encompassed in the Sacco and Vanzetti case, during which two radicals were electrocuted for alleged murder.
HOODED HOODLUMS OF THE KKK
* The KKK experienced a resurgence in the 1920s.
* In addition to the blacks, the 1920s KKK also was against foreigners, Catholics, Jews, and many other minority groups.
* The Klan spread rapidly in the Midwest and the South (aka the Bible Belt).
* The order suddenly disbanded in the late 1920s.
STEMMING THE FOREIGN FLOOD
* Due to another fresh wave of significant immigration, Congress was forced to pass the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 to cut the number of European migrants.
* The Immigration Act of 1924 again restricted immigration and completely cut off the Japanese immigrants.
* Ethnic difference made labor unions extremely difficult to organize.
* Horace Kallen and Randolph Bourne fought for extended rights and easier assimilation for immigrants.
THE PROHIBITION “EXPERIMENT”
* The Eighteenth Amendment was passed in 1919, authorizing prohibition.
* The south and the west generally favored prohibition, while the eastern areas were vehemently against the 18th Amendment.
* Common people resorted to breaking the law in many ways to obtain their beloved alcohol, including bribery.
* Beverages with high alcoholic content became increasingly more popular.
MAKERS OF AMERICA: THE POLES
* The Poles were among the largest immigrant groups to set foot in America and first arrived at Jamestown in 1606.
* The Poles had an exceptionally high birthrate, and this caused significant economic stress and formed a...