Upon his return he had gone to the pope and asked the pope to excommunicate the Archbishop of York. To excommunicate someone was to completely exclude them from participation with the Church. This was an extremely serious request on Thomas Becket’s behalf. When Henry had heard of this request he was livid. He was said to have shouted out to a crowd, “Will no one rid me of this troublesome priest?” Four knights had heard what Henry shouted and took it to mean that he wanted Becket dead.
Henry was desperate for a male heir, so he wasn’t too pleased when Catherine couldn’t produce one. Henry wanted an annulment of his marriage, and when the Pope refused him this, he created the Protestant Church giving himself the title “Fidei Defensor” (Defender of the Faith) and married his second Queen Anne Boleyn. Mary was declared illegitimate and removed from her position as heir to the throne. She was to no longer be called "princess",
At the start of king Charles reign things were already looking odd for him because the things he chose to do where completely against parliaments plans. Parliament had to know what the king was doing before he did it but because he never told them what was happening. Parliament and Charles friendship was crumbling gradually. In 1625 Charles married Henrietta Maria, the fifteen year old daughter of Henri IV of France who was a catholic she had her own chapel and priest. Puritans and protestants started to put up posters against the church and the king in 1637 archbishop laud put the people making the posters in trial and those found guilty were severely punished .
Charles attempted to terminate Parliament, but this was the straw that broke the camel’s back, and now civil war was upon the people of England. It seemed as though Charles I could do nothing right, but its not as though he tried. Up until the end of the English Civil War there had been many disputes over religious,
Do you agree with the view that the main reason for Henry’s failure to obtain the annulment of his marriage in the years 1525-29 was the determine opposition of Katherine of Aragon? Between the years of 1525-29 Henry tried his hardest to have his marriage annulled with Katherine of Aragon. His grounds for annulment were based on a biblical transcript called Leviticus. In this Transcript, it clearly stated that if a man were to sleep with his brother’s wife then he was to never have a child. Another reason why Henry wanted an annulment was due to his lust for his new found Anne Boleyn, The third reason he wanted an annulment was that Katherine was hitting menopause.
This decision angered Philip. Overall the main causes for the two countries being enemies is over Religious and Marital gestures. Henry VIII: Beheading Catherine of Aragon. Breaking away from the Catholic Church Elizabeth I: Disagreeing to Philip’s marital gesture. Allowing people in England and Wales to choose their
But when he arrived in Spain the infanta hated him. She refused to marry a non-catholic. To marry her he had to stay one year in Spain and to become catholic. It was considered as an insult in England. Charles came back to England and fully suported Parliament.
The popehad even rewarded Henry with the title Defender of the Faith. Henry took thedecision to leave the Catholic Church because he needed a male heir. He alsowanted to gain power and money.Henry actually needed to break away from the Catholic Church because hecould not produce a male heir with Catherine of Aragon. Several of their babieshad died, and Henry’s only legitimate child was a girl called Mary. Henry hadbecome convinced that he was cursed for marrying his brother’s
Henry and Catherine needed the consent of the Pope in order to marry, because church law required that a woman cannot marry her husband’s brother and have children with him. The Pope finally consented after Catherine declared that she and Arthur never consummated their relationship. But by this time, Henry’s father had lost interest in an alliance with Spain, and Henry declared that the marriage was arranged without his consent. The status of their relationship lingered, but after Henry’s father died and Henry took the throne in 1509, he finally married his widowed sister-in-law. (Pastoor & Johnson,
The King wanted Anne to follow in her sisters footsteps, she would not. She did not want to end up cast aside as her sister Mary had been (Williams 107). The King tried very hard to win Anne’s’ favor, through written word in his own hand, gifting jewels, lavish gowns, nothing worked It was at this time the King decided that an annulment from Catherine was needed, as she had produced none of the much desired sons. The Pope did not agree to the annulment. It was proposed to Henry that he separate the Church of England from the Church of Rome, so that is what he did (Williams115-131).