In an attempt to increase their wages, industrial workers went on strike. The Tsar’s indecisiveness, the reality of him continuing the war against Germany although there were many thousands of casualties and the rest of Russia was starving due to the bad transportation systems, and the fact that he had broken his promises from the October Manifesto after the
The IWW was perhaps most famous for organizing unskilled laborers, and being the only one in that time. The IWW was not the first union to organize unskilled laborers, the Knights of Labor did so in the 1880’s, when they were at their peak. By the twentieth century, the Knights of Labor were unimportant and had taken a backseat to the newer and more radical IWW. The major unions of that time all excluded unskilled laborers, and the American Federation of Labor, the figurehead of unions of that time, was vehemently against including unskilled laborers. The American Federation of Labor was so against the thought of including non craft laborers into unions that they publicly declared the IWW was far too radical, and even went so far as to say they were un-American.
However as the war progressed and more issues became apparent, the divide between the rich and the poor and the left and the right wing became vaster. Before the war had commenced liberals and socialists were aggravated with German democracy. Germany portrayed itself as a democratic state, however all the power belonged to the elite. Kaiser Wilhelm II even boasted that he had never read the constitution. Therefore Liberals wanted constitutional reform and more power to be given to the Reichstag.
‘To what extent do you agree that the nationalist movement was the greatest threat facing the liberal government by 1914?’ By 1914, there were a number of threats to the liberal government. Examples of these are from the PSI (the socialist party), nationalists and the Catholic Church. The reasons why these groups were a threat to the liberal government was in part because of the weaknesses of the liberal government itself, and the poor state of the economy under the liberals. The economy especially led to a lack of Italian identity, with very high levels of emigration (mainly to the USA). These factors led to a fragile liberal government, with the main threat in my opinion being posed not by the nationalists but the socialists.
and How could it be compared to our days? After the civil war the United States became a more powerful nation and united, but this was only the first step to become an industrialized country and a world leader. In order to become an industrialized country they needed to work as much as they could, a lot of laborers left their agriculture jobs to start working in factories. Unfortunately the conditions of labor were not good for the most part of workers. In 1877 the United States began to build a railroad that was going to go from coast to coast.
In particular, he released the serfs, which is generally seen as one of the most significant social reforms of the nineteenth century. Yet, the fundamental inconsistency between Alexander II's commitment to autocracy and his moves towards liberal reform isolated him from both reformers and conservatives. The growth of radical political opposition during his reign, was arguably given momentum by the liberal reforms he made which still left some radical groups pushing for revolution and eventually led to his assassination by terrorist of 'The People's Will' group in 1881. A great obstacle was that compared to Western Europe, Russia was backward economically, socially and politically in the late 19th Century. Russia was determined to not set up a new system by which the government were modernized and autocratic in which this stopped Russia from industrialising.
Revolution occurred because of the rise of the opposition, which consisted of the army, protestors and civilians. Demonstrations and food riots suddenly broke out in the capital city of Petrograd. A general strike had spread throughout the city and some soldiers had joined demonstrators, this had caused the Tsar to command the military chief to fire on the crowd. Dozens of people had died and the rest were reminded of “Bloody Sunday.” As a result the demonstration had tuned into a revolution aiming to overthrow the government. The Tsar had lost all support and control because of his actions and this led to him abdicating the
When this failed to produce support Alexander II began in 1859 to use reforming ministers, such as Miliukin and Samarin to plan changes. The emancipation act, which was signed in 1861, can be seen as a huge personal achievement; however the Tsar Liberator did not wish to introduce real economic freedom to the peasants, nor for them to receive equality before the law. The nobles remained the privileged class and indeed their share of wealth increased. Emancipation can therefore be seen a traditional rather than a drastic change to Russian society. In 1864 the creation of the first elected governments, Zemstvos happened.
Firstly, In late 18th century and 19th century, industrialization was very significant. It led to disrupt the balance. Human force took a back seat and machines started to be more important, in other words “the key to industrialization was the replacement of muscle with machine” (121.KGO'B.vol II.Ch 21.Industrial Europe p: 671). Before industrialization, production depended on human force. People deal with agriculture but “although they worked hard to ensure their subsistence, they had little desire to create a surplus” (121.KGO'B.vol II.Ch 21.Industrial Europe p: 674).
Management does not agree, perhaps due to a lack of information of the real problem (what is causing the lower production at this plant?) For example, According to Nestle CEO Peter Brabeck-Letmathe, "We have come to the point where the development of the Perrier brand is endangered by the stubbornness of the CGT? On the other hand, according to Jean-Paul Franc, head of the CGT at Perrier, "[i]n regard to the company's plan to cut 15 percent of its workforce he protests, "Nestle can't do whatever it likes.? He says, "There are men and women who work here? Morally speaking the water and the gas stored below this ground belong to the whole region."'