American Government Essay

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Style of Case: Roe vs. Wade (1973) Facts: Roe v. Wade is the historic Supreme Court decision overturning a Texas interpretation of abortion law and making abortion legal in the United States. The Roe v. Wade decision held that a woman, with her doctor, could choose abortion in earlier months of pregnancy without legal restriction, and with restrictions in later months, based on the right to privacy. Roe v. Wade ruled unconstitutional a state law that banned abortions except to save the life of the mother. Issue: The problem was women’s privacy to perform a legal abortion. 14th amendment. All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Decision: The Court ruled that the states were forbidden from outlawing or regulating any aspect of abortion performed during the first trimester of pregnancy, could only enact abortion regulations reasonably related to maternal health in the second and third trimesters, and could enact abortion laws protecting the life of the fetus only in the third trimester. Even then, an exception had to be made to protect the life of the mother. Controversial from the moment it was released; Roe v. Wade politically divided the nation more than any other recent case and continues to inspire heated debates, politics, and even violence today. Though by no means the Supreme Court's most important decision, Roe v. Wade remains it’s most recognized. Significance: The Supreme Court feels like they made the right decision with

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