American Diabetes Association (ADA)

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According to American Diabetes Association (n.d.), there are 23.6 million children and adults in the United States who have diabetes and most of them have diabetes type 2. Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a condition in which “either the body does not respond to insulin’s action or there is just not enough insulin to go around or both” (Touchette, 2005, p. 21). Insulin is a hormone necessary to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life (American Diabetes Association [ADA], n.d.). Having diabetes increases the risk for serious complications such as heart disease, blindness, nerve damage, and kidney damage (The Patient Education Institute, Inc., 2008). Therefore, teaching newly diagnosed clients about the preventive…show more content…
The learning environment has an adequate lighting, a comfortable room temperature, good ventilation, and no outside noise that can distract the client’s learning. Only the client and the nurse are in the room during the teaching so that the client will not be distracted and that she can concentrate on her learning. The client seen is R.L., a 45 year old Filipina woman. R.L. is a 2nd grade teacher, a single mother and has two children in the middle school. She is the close friend of the nurse’s mother. The client is chosen because she is newly diagnosed of having diabetes mellitus type 2. She is worried about her health because she does not have enough knowledge about the disease. Therefore, there is a need for her to learn about the disease and the preventive measures she can do to prevent the disease. There are three possible learning needs of the client. First, the client needs to learn how to monitor her blood glucose level with the use of blood glucose meter. Next, the client needs to learn how to plan a healthy diet; and last, the client needs to have an exercise plan to stay…show more content…
For the cognitive domain, the client will be able to identify what is used to monitor blood glucose level and to explain why it is important to monitor blood glucose regularly. The client will be able to state the normal level, low level (hypoglycemia), and high level (hyperglycemia) of blood glucose and to state their signs and symptoms. For the psychomotor domain, the client will be able to demonstrate the procedure to monitor blood glucose level with the use of blood glucose meter. For the affective domain, the client will be able to share her feelings regarding checking her blood glucose level by

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