American Courts Essay

1295 Words6 Pages
Similar to the judicial ladder of the federal court system, Massachusetts judicial ladder is based on Hierarchical court structure. The structure of the court system in Massachusetts is made up of 12 divisions, with the Supreme Judicial Court (“Supreme Court”) being the highest division within the state. The Supreme Court is comprised of one Chief Justice and six Associate Justices. Second tier in rank, is the Massachusetts Appeals Court which is comprised of one Chief Justice and 24 Associates. Descending in rank, following the aforementioned court, is the Executive Office of the Trial Court (“Executive Office”), Office of the Jury Commissioner and Office of the Commissioner of Probation. The Executive Office is comprised of both the Chief Justice of the Trial Court and Court Administrator of the Trial Court. However, within both of the commissioners’ office (a level below), there are no appointed justices. Moreover, both commissioner divisions have the same rank in Massachusetts. To recapitulate, each court division has a Chief Justice, except for each commissioner division (Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 2015). The following seven lower courts all have the same rank in power: Boston Municipal Court Department comprised of 29 Associate Justices; House Court Department comprised of 9 Associate Justices; Land Court Department comprised of Associate Justices; and Superior Court Department comprised of 81 Associate Justices; District Court Department comprised of 157 Associate Justices; Juvenile Court Department comprised of 40 Associate Justices; and Probate and Family Court Department comprised of 50 Associate Justices (“Lower Court”). The Lower Court is the preliminary process to most due processes. Moreover, each court handles a specific matter to ensure judicial economy. For instance, the Housing Court only handles matters in connection to landlord-tenant
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