American Corrections, Phase 4 Ip

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Rick Holland American Corrections Phase 4 IP Professor Dawn Howell 12/15/14 “Objective jail classification (OJC) is a process of assessing every jail inmate's custody and program needs and is considered one of the most important management tools available to jail administrators and criminal justice system planners. An effective system of inmate classification will reduce escapes and escape attempts, suicides and suicide attempts, and inmate assaults.” (NICIN, 2006) Upon being convicted of a crime worthy of a prison sentence the convicted criminal are referred to a reception area for classification. This classification determines what facility and what level of confinement he or she will receive. In the State of California,” upon arrival to a prison Reception Center, the inmate must go through the reception and classification process. This could take up to 120 days. Once all the inmate’s case factors are reviewed he/she will be assigned a classification score. He/she will then participate in an initial classification committee and be recommended for appropriate placement at an institution based on his/her level.” (CDCR, 2014) Within the parameters of the inmate assessments include mental and physical evaluations, educational level, any factors that might compromise the safety of the inmate, other inmates, or institutional security are assessed and the offender is oriented to the department, facility, rules, processes, and opportunities and avenues for inmates to file complaints against prison personnel, as well as other inmates. Besides the above listed assessments there are others, such as previous substance abuse or addictions, and criminogenic risk factors such as known felony associates, financial situation, employment background, family connections, criminal history and inmate’s emotional status. These factors will help in the classification of the
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