Amendments to Title Vii

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Question #1: Describe the amendments to Title VII that are discussed in your text. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act was developed to prevent discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, and national origin. It was originally enacted in 1964. The amendments to this act that are listed in my text are the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978, the Civil Rights Act of 1991, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972 gives power to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to represent, in federal court, persons that have experienced discrimination by employers because of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 basically states that employers must treat pregnant women the same way they treat all other employees. The pregnant women, however, need to be capable of performing their job duties. This act also states that a woman cannot be denied employment because she has had an abortion. It protects women from being forced to quit because they are pregnant. This act also states that employers must allow pregnant women the same rights as employees with other medical issues. This includes disability, sick leave, and a health insurance policy that includes coverage for pregnancy. In addition, maternity leave needs to be available but not mandatory. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 has to do with wrongful discharge suits and the damages that are awarded the employee involved in the suit. At one time the damages awarded were limited to compensatory damages only. This amendment added the opportunity for the employee to sue for punitive damages as well. The addition of punitive damages is thought to deter employers from

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