In stage seven you have a very severe cognitive decline. People in this stage can’t carry on a conversation or control their movements. They also need help with almost all of their daily activities. Their reflexes become abnormal and their muscles grow rigid and their swallowing becomes impaired (Alzheimer’s Association,
1.2 Describe the types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with dementia Definition: Individuals: someone requiring care or support. Dementia is a collection of symptoms including memory loss, personality change, and impaired intellectual functions resulting from disease or trauma to the brain. These changes are not part of normal aging and are severe enough to impact on individuals daily living, independence, and relationships. Individuals affected with dementia are bound to experience some difficulties which can impact on their perceptions, relationships, and their priorities inevitably changes over time. However, certain types of dementia can be treated or reversed if caught in time.
This leads to the decline of a person’s mental health and sometimes physical abilities. The gradual changes and damage to the cells of the brain are caused by a build-up of abnormal proteins in the brain. There are irreversible changes that occur in and individual’s brain lead to: * Death or the loss of the nerve cells * Lots of cognitive deficits, including memory lose * Decline in language understanding * Unable to recognise family and friends * The decline in the overall mental function The abnormal proteins are different in each type of neurodegenerative dementia. In most cases dementia is not inherited from family members directly. Although there a small amount of cases of Alzheimer’s and frontotemporal dementia can be inherited from a previous generation.
Cortical dementia is not being able to do gross motor movement, language disturbance, and memory loss. All of the cortical dementia symptoms leads to sub-cortical dementia such as Huntington disease(HD) or Parkinson’s disease(PD), forgetfulness, impaired planning, judgement and mood changes. Disorientation also affects the elderly because when they are suffering from dementia they go through spells where they do not know where they are or what is going on. They wander and are confused about things that surround
This causes a gradual decline in mental ability. The key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia are the temporal lobe, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, cerebrum lobe and the hippocampus 3. Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment share a lot of the symptoms of dementia. For instance with depression their memory may be affected and they may find it difficult to retain new information, also it is quite common for people to become forgetful as they age. This may be why people mistake them for dementia.
Dementia Report Sources: www.nhs.uk www.alzheimers.org.uk What is Dementia? Dementia is a syndrome, meaning a group of related symptoms. It's associated with a continuous decline of the abilities that the brain is capable of, eg. memory, understanding and judgement. In most cases, dementia is caused by damage to the structure of the brain.
He does not understand this example of maternal interaction is a representation of her motherly instincts and unconditional love for him. He thought, “I was, in her eyes, some meaning I myself could never know and might not care to know” (23). Because he never understood he actually meant something to her, he believed all of life was pointless. The sense of emptiness Grendel experiences causes him to feel even more isolated and meaningless. The relationship between Grendel and his mother is one that portrays the importance of maternal interaction and its effect on one’s emotional well-being.
DEMENTIA AWARENESS OUTCOME 1. UNDERSTAND WHAT DEMENTIA IS: 1. The word Dementia is an umbrella word for several symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by different conditions and diseases. Dementia is a chronic progressive disease that stops the cognitive parts of the brain from working. Causing depending on the severity of the condition minor to major memory loss.
People with delirium suffer from hallucinations and delutions which means they hear see or think things that are not real, their thinking and reasoning are affected significantly and severe confusion is often present as in most cases of dementia. Age related memory impairment can cause forgetfulness again similar to dementia. The most common causes of different types of dementia are as follows. Alzheimer's disease: Alzheimer's disease is caused by parts of the brain wasting away, which damages the structure of the brain and how it works.It is not known exactly what causes this process to begin, but people with Alzheimer's disease have been found to have abnormal amounts of protein and fibres in the brain.These reduce the effectiveness of healthy neurons, gradually destroying them.Over time, this damage spreads to other areas of the brain such as the grey matter and the hippocampus. Risk factors
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an irreversible, progressive, degenerative disorder that attacks the brain’s nerve cells, or neurons. It slowly causes the nerve cells or neurons to deteriorate and die, disallowing the normal information transfers through the synapses of the brain to take place. When these information transfers cannot occur a person may experience loss of memory, thinking and language skills, and behavioural changes. The loss of memory that is socially associated with Alzheimer’s disease is also physically noticeable with an MRI brain scan (see image 1.0 below). A person with Alzheimer’s disease is gradually physically losing their memory and over time this disease will spread to other areas of the brain causing the loss of language