Alzheimer's Disease Essay

1083 WordsApr 22, 20135 Pages
“Effects and facts of Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia” Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disorder involving the degeneration of the brain; mainly affecting brain functions involving an individual’s memory, personality, behavior changes, and thinking. The progressive brain damage and dementia caused by Alzheimer’s disease is irreversible. “Dementia is a term that means a person is no longer able to function on their own (Medical News Today, 2009). Dementia affects a individuals cognitive functions which is the ability to process thought. Dementia can be caused by a number of different medical conditions, and in some cases can be treated. “Alzheimer’s disease is called a family disease, because the chronic tress of watching a loved one slowly decline effects everyone” (Family Caregiver Alliance, 2010). It is the fifth leading cause of death for people sixty-five years of age and older. “Dr. Alois Alzheimer, a German psychiatrist and neuropathologist is credited with identifying the first published case of “presenile dementia” in 1907, a condition that is now called Alzheimer’s disease” (Family Caregiver Alliance, 2010). This disease is usually broken into three different stages. These stages are referred to as early, middle, and late. Early is the beginning stage where people are usually in denial. Normally during this stage people can continue to do most of their everyday tasks, but may have difficulty or confusion at times. Middle stage is typically the longest stage and can last for many years. They will need more assistance with completing day to day tasks. Caregivers will notice that they become frustrated or angry, start jumbling their words, and may have trouble dressing themselves. Late stage requires intensive care, this is where people are near death and hospice is usually called in. They need assistance with all daily tasks including toiletry

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