Our environment shapes how our genes affect us though. Genes work in mysterious ways and we may not enjoy what the give to us. Good or bad, genes are what turn on nurture so our environment can shape who we are, how we behave, and possibly who we love. Ridley certainly backs his theories with much evidence and this book strongly displays his opinion of how nature brings about nurture. From the text, I gathered that Ridley wrote The Agile Gene from a biological perspective of psychology.
Your most successful bird has a different lineage from the most successful bird of your neighboring groups. Compare your winning bird with those of your neighbors. How does it differ? Not applicable 4. What might happen to your last bird if the environmental conditions changed?
The Na’vi understand these emotions through a special form of interpersonal communication they call “Tsaheylu” or “the bond.” There have been studies done on Avatar on various cross-cultural issues. These studies have included topics like white supremacy. This study stressed that whites think that they can take whatever they want without thinking about how it will hurt other cultures and races. The purpose of this study is to learn about the Na’vi culture and to show that the Na’vi’s use of “the bond” is a form of haptics that is exemplified as superior to our preferred use of haptics as humans. The ways in which I will conduct my research is through the methods of textual analysis.
5Q)Give two examples of the benefits of introducing some nonnative species. A)Introduced species such as corn, wheat, rice, and other food crops, as well as cattle, poultry and other livestock provide more than 98% of the U.S. Food supply. Simalarly, nonnative tree species are grown in 85% of the worlds tree plantations. Q)Give two examples of the harmful affects of nonnative species that have been introduced Deliberately, and accidentally. A)An example of a harmful effect is that they may not have any natural predators.
This hypothesis is supported by what is known about termite biology. The termite that will be used is Reticulitermes flavipes of the worker class. Worker termites are the most abundant in a termite colony and primarily responsible for the foraging and collection of wood for feeding the upper termite castes. These worker termites are blind and can only perceive changes in light intensity. It is therefore assumed that any color change in the wood will not affect worker termite foraging patterns.
A fact of evolution has been confirmed many times, such as the famous British moths in which when dark soot from the factories covered oak trees in a darker color, a handful of British moths changed to a darker color to avoid detection from predators. This resulted in natural selection, and the darker moths survived longer and had better reproductive success. Additionally a theory of evolution is natural selection where a handful of individuals in a population have better suited genes for that environment and hence they survive longer and have reproductive success. This is a mechanism by which evolution occurred. Karl Popper states that the criterion for an idea to be scientific is that
There are two other selections known as artificial selection, meaning a selection for reproductive success in plants and animals that is directed by humans (Park pp53);and there is sexual selection which acts on an organism’s ability to obtain or successfully copulate with a mate (Evolution 101). The elucidation of the relation of artificial and sexual selection is how they both impede with natural selection; with artificial selection humans basically choose traits to conjoin together to make a desirable species. Such as, breeding certain animals to make a higher or more superior breed and by commingling the breed’s individuals are able to make more profit off a better breed product. The same concept also pertains to gardening and fabricating crops. Sexual Selection on the other hand is more instinctive process in like with natural selection it takes time for it to work.
Skinner with the “Skinner Box”. This was a study that was done to prove that we could modify behavior by giving positive reinforcements. B.F. Skinner believed that the best way for us to understand behavior was to look at what caused the behavior and what the consequences were from us participating in the behavior. The field of psychology learned that when an individual is positively reinforced for participation in a specific wanted behavior the individual is more likely to repeat the wanted behavior. This is used mostly in parenting by rewarding a child for being good.
Animals are used because behaviourists assume they learn in the same way as people but are more convenient to study. Laboratory settings are favoured because they allow researchers to very precisely control the conditions under which learning occurs. Two important learning theories proposed by the behaviourist perspective are classical conditioning. Classical conditioning explains how we learn behaviours through association and operant conditioning explains how the consequences of behaviours shape behaviour. The first of the theories involved in this approach is classical conditioning.
This school of psychology gives people more credit in controlling and determining their state of mental health. * It also takes environmental influences into account. Rather than focusing solely on our internal thoughts and desires, humanistic psychology also credits the environment's influence on our experiences. * Humanistic psychology continues to influence therapy, education, healthcare, and other areas. * Humanistic psychology helped remove some of the stigma attached to therapy and made it more acceptable for normal, healthy individuals to explore their abilities and potential through therapy * One of the greatest strengths of humanistic psychology is that it emphasizes individual choice and responsibility.