I will also attempt to identify the barriers to communication in this dialogue and explore the reasons why these skills were used ineffectively, and suggest how they could have been improved upon. Rapport-building is defined by Robbins (1986, p. 207, as cited in Study Guide) as ‘the ability to enter someone else’s world, to make him feel that you understand him, that you have a strong common bond’ I think it is at the very core of effective interpersonal communication because it ‘is one of the most important features or characteristics of unconscious human interaction’ and without it the purpose of the interaction cannot be achieved. It is ‘commonality of perspective, being in "sync", being on the same "wavelength" as the person with whom you are talking’ (http://www.inspirationalsolutions-lp.co.uk/theimportanceofrapport.pdf). Following that line of thinking it is essential to establish rapport as soon as possible in a didactic interpersonal conversation, whatever the purpose of the discussion is – to learn, to relate, to play or to help (De Vito, p.80). The very first sentence that Hanna says demonstrates an attempt to establish rapport “Howya doing?” (he does not wait for an answer and continues talking)
Off the Precipice into the Gorge: Why Utilitarianism Can’t Save Us Introduction In his article, “A Critique of Utilitarianism” Bernard Williams is concerned that consequentialism has found plausibility in people’s minds due to a misunderstanding of and negative reaction to non-consequentialist theories.  Though he does not offer an alternative ethical theory, Williams successfully takes on the project of exploring how utilitarianism and those who uncritically embrace it have accepted an unworkable standard for defining right actions. Williams offers a unique and penetrating thesis: to define right action only by reference to whether it produces a good “state of affairs” necessitates a fundamental clash between an agent’s moral character and that allegedly right action.  In its attempt to compensate and maintain viability as a moral theory, utilitarianism smuggles into its calculus the agent’s non-utilitarian-based moral feelings. For a conscientious observer, this double standard should seriously cause him to question the ability of a consequentialist perspective to prescribe satisfactory moral understanding and guidance.
“In what Context do Emotion and Reason Conflict?” Knowledge can not only be gained by one way of knowing, because not only that answer would be biased, it may as well be not true, this simply is because there exist certain conditions in which one view or perspective of the case is not enough. Such situations are mostly decision making. Now the question is, whether an individual would choose a more reasonable choice that would benefit the most, or choose a more comfortable choice that is a satisfaction to the hearts content. Emotion and Reasoning are both considered as ways of knowing, however like any other ways of knowing they cannot exist alone and therefore they do have flaws. These flaws are usually associated with the fact that they are unable to fulfil the need to gain the answer since they may be biased, however even when these two ways of knowing are put together, they may contradict each other, or do not share the same view on the same exact case, this is what is considered as the conflict.
It is important to engage in the client’s world so they are able to express their feelings. This will then lead for exploration, to be able to accept previously denied aspects of self-involving checking with the client which should be natural and free flowing. Respecting the individuality for the client (Mearns and Thorne, 2007). Rogers considered empathy as a ''state of being'', however Truax and Carkhuff defined empathy as a communication skill. A number of difficulties arose within the concept of empathy.
Studying euphemism, therefore, is highly advantageous for understanding and promoting communication in different circumstances. This paper aims particularly at uncovering people’s specific reasons for using euphemism and at presenting various cases of which these euphemistic expressions are employed. In the interest of setting out the motivations of using euphemistic words or phrases, it is substantial to signify the relationship between taboo and euphemism: … [L]anguage is used to avoid saying certain things as well as to express them. Certain things are not said, not because they cannot be, but because ‘people don’t talk about those things'; or, if those things are talked about, they are about in very roundabout ways. In the first case we have instance linguistic taboo; in the second we have the employment of euphemisms so as to avoid mentioning certain matters directly (Wardhaugh 230).
Secondly this essay will discuss the logical concept of absolute truth while highlighting a few weaknesses of relative truth. Finally, this essay will evaluate the entertainment factor of torture as wrong, based on the argument that a transcultural moral standard of what is right and wrong does indeed exist and how and why this argument is a convincing one indeed. Moral relativism is the theory that what is considered virtuous conduct and right and wrong varies between different cultural contexts and societal situations and is nonexistent in the general abstract. The disagreement argument accounts for the seemingly obvious fact that different cultures have different moral beliefs leading to moral disagreements demonstrating that morality is merely a product of personal or cultural opinion. However, while moral agreements may never be reached fully and are difficult to establish, mere disagreement does not mean there is no absolute truth to pursue.
Pratt’s “Towards the Last Spike” and Callaghan’s Such is My Beloved use feminine figures by means of a metaphor as a way to illustrate a broader importance to the text. The use of having a feminine figure helps the author prove their point even further, whereas if the character were male, it would not have the same affect. This is partly due to stereotypical cultural norms that are usually associated with the “typical” traits of what a woman should be: feeble, weak, and vulnerable. Both authors, on the other hand, go against these traits and show these characters as strong, will-minded individuals. Pratt’s portrayal is in the form of a female lizard whom although has had her land taken away from her, she will soon rise again, taking back what is hers, while Callaghan’s portrayal is in the form of two female sex workers, Ronnie and Midge, whom evokes sympathy towards Father Dowling, and to the reader, but soon defy these emotions with scenes later on in the novel.
The strength of true nationalism lies not in the opposition to others it may or may not provoke, but in its power of healthy self-assertion. Feminists and nationalists have different priorities: release from the oppression of women for the former and the establishment and stabilization of a nation for the latter. However, in the anti-colonial national liberation movements, the goals of these two somehow got merged together to an
Abstract for Cultures Clash! I know that cultural isolationism does not exist, however if it did then maybe we wouldn’t have any issues with people judging others’ ways of speaking. The purpose of this essay is to assert that when cultures clash there is a huge difference in cultural beliefs, which then leads to the discrimination and oppression of the so- called inferior culture. It will be focusing on this issue from different cultural perspectives, such as Anglo-American culture vs. African-American culture. I am challenging the concept of cultural isolationism because it will help me gain some understanding of the risks of cultures clashing, which will then allow me to determine whether or not cultural isolationism is the solution to our issues of being a diverse nation.
In our Theory of Knowledge classes, we saw how our senses can deceive us, how emotions can cloud our judgment, and how meaning of language can be concealed by vagueness and ambiguity, yet can there be limitations within reason? Reason can cloud knowledge to a certain extent. Reason neglects emotions like desires, fears and hates without considering their influence in our lives. As human beings, we rely on these emotions and perceptions to interpret our surroundings, our own responses to certain situations and the people around us. However, this is a very broad limitation, and throughout this essay I will be focusing on the strengths and weaknesses of reason within specific