“Allegory of the Cave” & the Matrix

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a) Who is keeping the prisoners of the matrix ignorant and for what purposes? Are the chains keeping the prisoners of the cave and the prisoners of the matrix in bondage physical or psychological? b) Briefly list the similarities in the five stages of enlightenment for the freed prisoner in Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” and for Neo in The Matrix. c) What are three key differences between Neo’s enlightenment in The Matrix and Plato’s prisoner? 1a) As Morpheus says: “When the Matrix was first built, there was a man born inside who had the ability to change whatever he wanted, to remake the Matrix as he saw fit. It was he who freed the first of us, taught us the truth. As long as the Matrix exists the human race will never be free” (Matrix 6). The prisoners of the cave are trapped inside the cave. They don’t know about “real world” that is outside. But the prisoners of the matrix are not in the physical bondage, they are psychologically captive of the matrix. As Morpheus says to Neo “That you are a slave, Neo. Like everyone else you were born into bondage, born into a prison that you cannot smell or taste or touch. A prison for your mind.... Unfortunately, no one can be told what the Matrix is” (Matrix 4). 1b) When Neo is in the routine life and he doesn’t experience the matrix, he is like the prisoners in the first stage and he thinks everything he sees is the real. When he is curious about the reality of the world and knows that the matrix isn’t the real world, he is in the second stage of the cave. Neo in his first conversation with Trinity shows that he has a question which is not popular for all the people who live in the prison of the world. When Trinity says Neo: “Please just listen. I know why you're here, Neo. I know what you've been doing. I know why you hardly sleep, why you live alone, and why night after night you sit at your computer. You're looking

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