Allegory of the Cave

381 Words2 Pages
The Allegory of the Cave by Plato is an essay that is both symbolic and meaningful. Plato presents people as prisoners in cave. While Cogito ergo sum by Descartes is about the thinking concepts. Both philosophers argues that there is a higher reality in which mankind did not reach yet. However it is reachable by passing through different limitations His Both Plato and Descartes argue that humans are trapped by wrong assumptions and beliefs. In his essay Allegory of The Cave, Plato proves how people are fooled to believe in wrong ideas. He uses a cave to present the world of sight, in which people are prisoners since the day they were born. The people in the cave cannot see the light, neither each other’s, because their hands and neck are chained and they cannot move. These people only see what in front of them is. The prisoners see the shadows of objects. “And of the objects which are being carried in like manner they would only see the shadows” (Plato 20). Plato confirms that these people are not allowed to see what the real objects are, instead they see the shadows. This proves that the prisoners do not know what real is so every one of them has his own definition of what real is; therefore they name what they see according to their opinion. In another experts Plato illustrates how the prisoners would assume mistakenly that what they hear is the sound of what they are viewing. “And suppose further from that the prison had an echo which came from the other side, would they not be sure to fancy when one of the passersby spoke that the voice which they heard came from the passing shadows”(Plato 20). What Plato means is that the prisoners would assume that the voice they hear is coming from the shadows that they are seeing. The prisoners cannot see further than their noise because their thoughts and opinions are controlled; therefore they are lead to make the wrong
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