About 3mL of the wash water is collected in a small test tube. A few drops of 0.1M silver nitrate solution is added to the water to test for the presences of Cl- ions. Lastly the filter paper was placed in the dry oven to dry completely and then weighted. Calculations and observations were made and recorded. Observations The
In redox reaction, one element or compound is reduced and gains electrons, while on the other hand, the other element or compound is oxidized and loses electrons. For this lab, through the given oxidation and reduction numbers from balancing the equation and the electrons, it was shown that Manganese was reduced while Iron was oxidized. Also from the equation, the movement of electrons can be noticed, as it was added or subtracted from the substances. In order to balance an equation, there must be same number of elements on both sides, with the exception of hydrogen and oxygen. From there, in order to balance oxygen, water molecules are enumerated to the opposite of the equation/reaction.
Na and Mg are electropositive so they lose electrons in reactions and oxygen atoms form oxide ions O2-. Oxide ions are strong bases because they can accept protons from water. So, sodium peroxide and magnesium oxide are basic. Al2O3 is amphoteric as it has reactions as both a base and an acid. Si, P, S and Cl are increasingly electronegative.
Clean the nichrome wire by dipping it into the acid and heating the loop to get rid of any excess chemicals. Dip the wire into one of the sample solutions and place into the hottest part of the flame. Repeat the dip into the salt solution if necessary to see the flame test colour. Write the colour of each metal salt when it is put into the flame into a results table. Repeat this procedure with the other known solutions to record the
6- Place only the edge of the Q-tip at the top the Flame. 7- Remove it when you see the of light being given off to avoid burning the Q-tip. 8- Clean up procedure: Discard used Q-tips to the bin, cover back compounds and put them up in a safe place, pour away distilled water in the sink, disconnect the Bunsen burner and clean it if stained,clean the lab test surroundings with paper towel to ensure no stain is left, wash your hands remove your goggles only when all equipments have been placed in safe places. Compound | Flame Colour Observation | 1 LiNO3
Title: Separation of a Mixture of Solids Purpose: To learn about separating solids and how this happens. By separating the solids one will be able to tell the difference between a mixture and a pure substance. Procedure: Four main steps. Separating the iron from the mixture with a magnet. Separate the sand by boiling water and pouring the water off, then move on to separating the Benzoic acid using filter paper.
Chemistry Design Lab Kim Li Feb 20th,11 Investigating the effect of different concentration of nitric acid on the its drop volume DESIGN Introduction: Intermolecular forces are forces that hold molecules together. They play important roles in determining the properties of a substance, properties such as boiling point, volatility, viscosity, miscibility, and electrical conductivity.  Examples of intermolecular forces include Van der Waals forces, dipole-dipole forces, and hydrogen bonding. Van der Waals forces are temporary dipole all species can form due to uneven distribution of electrons. Dipole-dipole forces are permanent dipoles due to different electronegativity.
These impurities include vanadium, arsenic, zirconium, iron, silicon, and magnesium. Therefore, impure titanium tetrachloride is then cleaned of all these impurities for the purpose of gaining a pure titanium tetrachloride. The cleaning process is initiated by allowing the former mixture to settle, where the undissolved particles are removed as dirt or mud. Afterwards, the liquid that contains several chlorides is passed through a distillation column and is chemically treated with hydrogen sulfide or mineral oil to eliminate vanadium oxychloride, which is a chloride that boils at the same temperature as titanium tetrachloride. Finally, it is redistilled again to further purify the titanium tetrachloride produced.
The powder that remains will have lost some mass as smoke, but this resultant mass is still more than the mass of the metal that was burnt. Burning magnesium in air is a chemical reaction called oxidation and the compound produced is totally different from the two elements that have been combined. Each element is made up of atoms and the compound is made up of two elements joined together. The chemical formula for the reaction is below; 2Mg + O2 --> 2MgO Magnesium + Oxygen -> Magnesium Oxide The equation above shows that magnesium and oxygen have combined as the product of the reaction, their mass of each element has also combined in the reaction. Magnesium is a very reactive metal which when heated burns with a white flame.
Distillation Experiment CHM226 Background The distillation process is a very important technique used to separate compounds based on their boiling points. A substance will boil only when the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the external pressure being applied by the surroundings. Distillations can be used to efficiently purify volatile (i.e. low boiling) compounds. The general concept of distillation involves the boiling of a mixture, resulting in the lower boiling compounds boiling off first.