Alexander the Great: to What Extent Were Alexander’s Military Successes a Result of Strength and Skill of His Army or the Weaknesses of His Opponents? Essay

1210 WordsAug 7, 20125 Pages
Question: To what extent were Alexander’s military successes a result of strength and skill of his army or the weaknesses of his opponents? Alexander the Great succeeded his father, Philip II of Macedon, to the throne in 336 BC after Philip was assassinated. Alexander inherited a strong kingdom and an experienced army. He was awarded the generalship of Greece and used this authority to launch his father's military expansion plans. From a young age Alexander started to show his leadership skills and came to command a portion of his fathers great army by the age of 15, whilst his father was away fighting. Because Alexander started showing leadership skills at such a young age it is NO surprise that he became the formidable leader that he was and is remembered as today. Alexander’s military successes were as a result of the strength that his army showed, the overwhelming skill of his army compared to those they fought, and the weaknesses of those he fought. The immense strength of Alexander’s army is credit to the hard work and time that Alexander spent to achieve the number one title in the world. During Alexander’s reign as the King of Macedon he reformed much of his fathers military techniques and refined them to make them more effective. Before the age of mechanical force armies had to rely on the force that people could exert to push forward through the enemy lines. Alexander’s army used an adapted version of the phalanx that the Athenians were famous for years prior to Alexander’s time. Alexander, like many leaders of the time used the Phalanx as a way of smashing through the enemy front lines. An example of the strength of Alexander’s army occurred at the Battle of Issus, ‘A disciplined mass of, thirty thousand armed and armored men running in tight formation would have hit the Persian line with a force equivalent to twenty-five tons moving at 15

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