Alcohol Literature Review

965 WordsJun 5, 20114 Pages
April Alcohol Intervention Literature Review May 15, 2011 Capella University CST 5108 Chemical dependency is a disease that causes a person to lose control over use of alcohol or other drugs. It is an addiction (Gorski, T. (1989). This loss of control causes physical, psychological, social, and spiritual problems. The total person affected. According to Inaba, Cohen, the five historical themes of drug use are the basic needs that human beings cope with their environment and enhance their existence, vulnerability of brain chemistry to psychoactive drugs, involvement of ruling classes, technological advancing in redefining and synthesizing drugs, and the development of faster and more efficient methods of putting drugs into the body. The psychoactive drug (alcohol) enables the abuser to function after the longevity of abusing this chemical. Alcohol affects the body and early history of this depressant continues with more ingredients added to enhance the compulsive behaviors. Alcohol plays a large effective role in the body. This learner never suspected the amount of alcohol Americans ingested in 2009 and died from abusing the chemical. Alcohol ranks third behind heart disease and cancer as this country’s biggest health problem. Many times alcohol goes unnoticed; its symptoms are mistaken for other physical or mental problems. 125,000 people in the U.S. die each year (SAMHSA, 2010). The chemical part of the organic compound ethanol alcohol contains two carbon atoms, five hydrogen atoms, and one hydroxide group. The two main effects that alcohol has on all human body tissue are irritates and sedates. In the stomach alcohol is absorbed directly into the blood stream through the lining of the stomach and the first part of the intestine within the first 20-40 minutes after drinking alcohol on an empty stomach. If mixed with food the blood level is

More about Alcohol Literature Review

Open Document