Aquinas also presented an objection to Anselm’s ontological argument. He argued that the ontological argument is invalid as we cannot define God ‘for the human mind does not have an intuition of the essence of God’. Aquinas rejects that there can be
CRITICISM ON DESCARTES’ FIRST ARGUMENT FOR SKEPTICISM In his First Meditation, Descartes argues that beliefs based on the senses are to be doubted of their factuality, and because all of our beliefs are based on our senses, everything we believe we know is doubtful, therefore, not knowledge. To support this argument, Descartes suggests two premises; the ‘Dream Argument’ and the ‘Evil Demon Argument’. First, the ‘Dream Argument’ states that all we perceive to be reality may be just a dream, and because there is no way of finding out whether we are dreaming or not, everything we know may be false illusions. The concept of a ‘dream’ can also be understood as an ‘illusion’, or the ‘result of our imaginations’. In this sense, the statement, at first glance may seem true, because although illusions and imaginations conjure up the most bizarre and impossible things which obviously cannot not exist in the so-called ‘reality’, we conceive them to be real while we are dreaming.
McCloskey states that one of the major problems is believing in an uncaused first cause. He states that the mere existence of the universe does not constitute for believing in a being (God). While McCloskey has this view, we learn in the readings of Evans and Manis (2009), that the term contingency of the universe is often used to refute the question of what about the universe support the claim that God exists (pg. 69). This merely states that if we look around at the universe we will see things that may or may not have existed if there was not a God or other necessary being.
However, Descartes, in Meditations I raises the question how could he know with certainty that the world he lived in wasn’t an illusion forced upon him by a demon. He poses this question because he said he believes what he dreams so how can he trust his senses to let him know when he is not dreaming. Descartes believes that you cannot trust your senses for truth. Like in
This vision was not a physical experience in comparison to the Burning Bush in Exodus 3:1-15 of which Moses was experiencing in real life. This vision was in his dream which critics and scholars may criticise saying it may have only just been a dream. Critic, Elaine Roberts, said that “happen whilst a person is in a state of sleep and visions will happen whilst the person is fully awake.” which makes people reconsider if Jacob’s dream is would actually be considered as a vision. However, according to the bible, God actually appeared in front of Jacob so he was able to see God as a physical being. God also makes a promise to Jacob and doesn’t give him a mission like he does with Moses, emphasising that with different visions come different messages.
McCloskey contended against the three mystical verifications, which are the cosmological argument, the argument from design and the teleological argument. He called attention to the presence of evil on the planet that God made. He likewise called attention to that it is irrational to live by trust or faith. As indicated by McCloskey, confirmations do not essentially assume a fundamental part in the conviction of God. Page 62 of the article expresses that "most theists do not come to have faith in God as a premise for religious conviction, however come to religion as a consequence of different reasons and variables."
Human wisdom is limited, because its bases off of prior knowledge and instinct, the wisdom of the world from philosophers, scholars, Greeks, Jews, and Gentiles is foolish to God. The only way to have true wisdom is by the Spirit which is the Holy Ghost through Jesus Christ. “No one can know a person’s thoughts except that person’s own spirit, and no one can know God’s thoughts except God’s own Spirit. And we have received God’s Spirit (not the world’s spirit), so we can know the wonderful things God has freely giving us. (1 Corinthians 2:11-12 NLT).
I don’t consider your / Pronouncements so important that they can / Just…overrule the unwritten laws of heaven. / You are a man, remember” (Sophocles 12). This seen illustrates, that Creon does think he is god, and has no respect for the real gods. Antigone in so many words is explaining to him that he is wrong, and a person should not be denied burial rights for any reason. Creon does not like her explanation, and explains that “I don’t care if she is my sister’s daughter.
Pseudoscience is a collection of beliefs or practices mistakenly regarded as being based on scientific method. Pseudoscience is based more on feelings, hunches, and intuitions. Pseudoscientists are motivated by considerations that lie outside the scope of science, or have already been thoroughly discredited. For example, the creditability that the month of our birth has to do with our personalities and what happens to us on specific days of the years, or in other words, astrology. The purpose of pseudoscience is to provide explanation for occurrences or behaviors that are not scientifically proven.